Table 2

Unadjusted means and 95% CIs for health measures in the lowest and highest quartiles of neighbourhood walkability

Health measure (unit)Mean (95% CI) in lowest quartile of neighbourhood walkabilityMean (95% CI) in highest quartile of neighbourhood walkability
Body mass index (BMI) (kg/m2)29.6 (29.5 to 29.8)26.0 (25.9 to 26.2)*
Systolic blood pressure (sBP) (mm Hg)121.5 (121.2 to 121.7)117.4 (117.2 to 117.7)*
Diastolic blood pressure (dBP) (mm Hg)75.0 (74.8 to 75.1)73.1 (72.9 to 73.3)*
Haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) (%)6.10 (6.08 to 6.12)5.74 (5.72 to 5.76)*
Fasting blood glucose (FBG) (mmol/L)5.56 (5.53 to 5.59)5.32 (5.28 to 5.35)*
Total cholesterol (TC) (mmol/L)4.73 (4.71 to 4.75)4.93 (4.91 to 4.96)*
High-density lipoprotein (HDL) (mmol/L)1.43 (1.42 to 1.44)1.58 (1.57 to 1.59)*
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) (mmol/L)2.71 (2.69 to 2.73)2.78 (2.76 to 2.80)*
Triglycerides (TG) (mmol/L)1.34 (1.32 to 1.36)1.26 (1.24 to 1.28)*
  • *Significant difference between the unadjusted means at the highest versus the lowest walkability quartile, using t-tests at a significance level of p<0.001.