Table 1

Characteristics of patients with and without GP visit before diagnosis PE

No prior GP visit (n=49)Prior GP contact(s) (n=128)p Value
Age in years,* mean (±SD)60 (17)58 (16)0.429
Male gender27 (55)60 (47)0.327
Comorbidity
 COPD/asthma5 (10)27 (21)0.067†
 Hypertension11 (22)37 (29)0.387
 Atrial fibrillation1 (2)4 (3)1.000†
 Congestive heart failure0 (0)6 (5)0.189†
 Ischaemic heart disease3 (6)14 (11)0.406†
Risk factors
 History of DVT7 (14)26 (20)0.357
 Recent surgery8 (16)8 (6)0.045†
 Recent immobilisation4 (8)6 (5)0.467†
 Recent travelling2 (4)4 (3)0.669†
 Malignancy9 (18)10 (8)0.042
 Oestrogen use, women0/22 (0)19/68 (28)0.005†
 Prior pulmonary infection3 (6)23 (18)0.057†
 History of smoking6 (12)33 (26)0.052
 Pregnancy0/22 (0)3/68 (4)1.000
Days until diagnosis, median (IQR)0 (0)1 (8)
 Total rangeNA0–126 days
Delay >7 daysNA33 (26)
  • Values are numbers (percentages) unless stated otherwise.

  • *Missing values (n=3).

  • †Fisher's exact test

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; DVT, deep venous thrombosis; GP, general practitioner; NA, not applicable; PE, pulmonary embolism.