Table 1

Characteristics of study participants*

Participant characteristicsRound 1 (n=722)Round 2 (n=614)Round 3 (n=492)
Age41.7 ±10.341.8 ±10.342.3 ±10.3
Male438 (60.7)368 (59.9)301 (61.2)
Have children558 (77.3)459 (74.8)372 (75.6)
Provider type
 Paramedic367 (50.8)316 (51.5)254 (51.6)
 Advanced EMT50 (6.9)39 (6.4)31 (6.3)
 EMT159 (22.0)129 (21.0)99 (20.1)
 MD, DO82 (11.4)70 (11.4)64 (13.0)
 NP, RN, RT, LPN64 (8.9)60 (9.8)44 (8.9)
Experience
 Years working in EMS16.8 ±9.417.0 ±9.317.1 ±9.2
 Number of years at current level14.0 ±9.214.0 ±9.114.2 ±9.1
Geographic location
 Urban244 (33.8)213 (34.7)165 (33.5)
 Suburban226 (31.3)183 (29.8)145 (29.5)
 Rural250 (34.6)213 (34.7)177 (36.0)
  • *Values are presented as mean±SD for continuous variables and as number (%) for categorical variables.

  • DO, doctor of osteopathy; EMT, emergency medical technician; LPN, licensed practical nurse; MD, medical doctor; NP, nurse practitioner; RN, registered nurse; RT, respiratory therapist.