Table 2

Prognostic factors of death after first MECU contact, 0–7 days; 8–30 days; 31–90 days; 91 days–2 years. Data presented as crude hazard rate and adjusted hazard rate

Time spanParameterCrude hazard rate (95% CI)p ValueAdjusted hazard rate (95% CI)p Value
0–7 daysSex
 Female (reference)11
 Male0.85 (0.74 to 0.98)0.0291.08 (0.93 to 1.25)0.302
 Age (continuous)1.05 (1.04 to 1.05)<0.0011.04 (1.04 to 1.05)<0.001
Charlson Comorbidity Index
 0 (reference)11
 1–23.22 (2.68 to 3.86)<0.0011.42 (1.17 to 1.72)<0.001
 >24.75 (3.95 to 5.72)<0.0011.55 (1.26 to 1.90)<0.001
Weeks admitted to hospital 180 days prior to first contact1.15 (1.12 to 1.18)<0.0011.08 (1.04 to 1.12)<0.001
Response time (continuous)0.97 (0.96 to 0.99)<0.0011.00 (0.99 to 1.02)0.539
8–30 daysSex
 Female (reference)11
 Male0.93 (0.78 to 1.11)0.4421.14 (0.96 to 1.37)0.136
 Age (continuous)1.05 (1.05 to 1.06)<0.0011.04 (1.04 to 1.05)<0.001
Charlson Comorbidity Index
 0 (reference)11
 1–25.10 (3.90 to 6.68)<0.0012.22 (1.67 to 2.94)<0.001
 >211.65 (9.00 to 15.08)<0.0013.59 (2.71 to 4.77)<0.001
Weeks admitted to hospital
180 days prior to first contact
1.21 (1.18 to 1.24)<0.0011.13 (1.10 to 1.17)<0.001
Response time (continuous)0.98 (0.96 to 0.99)0.0061.01 (0.99 to 1.03)0.266
31–90 daysSex
 Female (reference)11
 Male0.98 (0.83 to 1.15)0.8131.22 (1.03 to 1.44)0.019
 Age (continuous)1.05 (1.05 to 1.06)<0.0011.04 (1.04 to 1.05)<0.001
Charlson Comorbidity Index
 0 (reference)11
 1–25.88 (4.57 to 7.57)<0.0012.51 (1.92 to 3.26)<0.001
 >213.19 (10.33 to 16.84)<0.0013.93 (3.01 to 5.14)<0.001
Weeks admitted to hospital
180 days prior to first contact
1.23 (1.21 to 1.25)<0.0011.17 (1.14 to 1.20)<0.001
Response time (continuous)0.96 (0.94 to 0.97)<0.0010.99 (0.97 to 1.01)0.178
91 days–2 yearsSex
 Female (reference)11
 Male0.97 (0.88 to 1.05)0.4291.22 (1.11 to 1.33)<0.001
 Age (continuous)1.05 (1.05 to 1.06)<0.0011.04 (1.04 to 1.05)<0.001
Charlson Comorbidity Index
 0 (reference)11
 1–25.64 (4.96 to 6.43)<0.0012.54 (2.22 to 2.91)<0.001
 >214.19 (12.50 to 16.11)<0.0014.44 (3.86 to 5.10)<0.001
Weeks admitted to hospital
180 days prior to first contact
1.21 (1.20 to 1.23)<0.0011.13 (1.12 to 1.15)<0.001
Response time (continuous)0.96 (0.96 to 0.97)<0.0011.00 (0.99 to 1.00)0.292
  • MECU, mobile emergency care unit.