TableĀ 2

Findings from included articles, organised by theme

Numbers in brackets categorize findings through thematic grouping, according to the following 17 evaluation components and five overarching dimensions.
Characteristics of QI training
  1. QI projects as part of QI training programme

  2. Coaching/mentorship as part of QI training programme

  3. Use of e-learning resources

  4. QI training partnerships

  5. QI training during residence or undergraduate healthcare studies

Characteristics of QI activity
  1. Opportunities to apply QI skills

  2. Informal QI training and coaching as part of the working environment

  3. Patient and community participation in QI

Individual capacity (enablers/barriers)
  1. QI skills and knowledge

  2. Motivation and interest in QI activity

  3. Individual barriers to QI training

Organisational capacity (enablers/barriers):
  1. Organisational culture and leadership support to QI

  2. Teamwork, team empowerment and resources for QI

  3. Monitoring of and accountability for quality

  4. Spread/diffusion of QI activity

  5. QI strategy and work with health regulatory body

Impact (outcomes)
  1. Patient and care outcomes

  • Continued