Table 3

Socioeconomic and demographic characteristics influencing the usage of safe delivery services according to regions in Indonesia, IDHS2012

Sumatra regionJava regionLesser Sunda Islands regionKalimantan regionSulawesi regionMaluku islands regionWestern New Guinea region
VariableSafe delivery (3287)Safe delivery (2462)Safe delivery (890)Safe delivery (1031)Safe delivery (1558)Safe delivery (406)Safe delivery (437)
Age (years)
 15–1990 (76.2)81 (79.4)34 (82.9)70 (75.3)89 (63.1)10 (33.3)18 (48.6)
 20–24607 (79.2)474 (81.6)190 (71.7)238 (68.6)347 (57.5)101 (49.5)99 (39.9)
 25–291056 (60.8)740 (65.2)284 (55.6)288 (50.6)402 (45.5)111 (36.2)142 (37.8)
 30+1534 (36.4)1167 (38.9)382 (29.9)435 (30.4)720 (25.2)184 (17.8)178 (19.6)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Place of residence
 Urban1502 (55.6)1751 (55)418 (57.4)509 (52)707 (45.9)193 (36.6)216 (45.3)
 Rural1785 (43.2)711 (43.5)472 (34.6)522 (35.7)851 (28.9)213 (20.4)221 (20.3)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Mother's education
 No education30 (18.2)9 (14.5)24 (26.1)13 (13.1)19 (8.1)4 (10)31 (7.8)
 Primary753 (34.1)569 (33.5)239 (28.2)293 (31)378 (20.7)61 (11.9)92 (19.6)
 Secondary1972 (53.8)1469 (59.7)475 (50.4)578 (49.1)857 (43.7)256 (30)228 (39.9)
 Higher532 (67.4)415 (69.1)152 (72)147 (67.1)304 (65.4)85 (51.2)86 (66.2)
  p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Father's education
 No education33 (29.2)16 (29.1)13 (26.5)13 (17.3)26 (14.1)3 (8.3)9 (4.3)
 Primary817 (35.87)556 (35.3)253 (31.9)265 (29.3)454 (24.8)48 (10.8)66 (16.4)
 Secondary2027 (53.7)1470 (57.7)463 (47.3)592 (49.2)814 (40.7)264 (29.4)272 (36.1)
 Higher408 (62.7)418 (65.9)160 (59)161 (62.4)260 (55.8)88 (46.8)84 (46.9)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Mother's occupation
 Not working outside home1622 (53)1271 (49.2)353 (46.5)543 (45.7)849 (36.5)227 (27.5)241 (36.1)
 Skilled998 (51.8)800 (57.4)283 (53.8)315 (49.7)508 (44.4)138 (35.7)138 (47.3)
 Agriculture343 (33.5)66 (30.6)111 (26.1)107 (25.7)81 (13.1)26 (10.6)37 (8.8)
 Unskilled/others321 (39.2)322 (51.9)143 (37.4)64 (25.7)112 (29.7)15 (12.6)18 (9.8)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Father's occupation
 Not working41 (50.6)31 (44.9)17 (54.8)10 (40)31 (40.8)23 (42.6)21 (23.6)
 Skilled work1148 (58.8)1199 (56.8)321 (54.4)411 (54.2)572 (46.7)165 (37.7)199 (42.6)
 Agriculture859 (39.2)211 (39.8)200 (28.4)200 (27.4)352 (21.4)84 (13.5)67 (10.2)
 Unskilled/others1236 (47.4)1018 (48.3)352 (45.8)410 (44.4)593 (38.9)134 (29.3)147 (41.5)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Wealth quintile
 Poorest662 (35.4)160 (30.8)265 (28.9)287 (30.9)499 (22.6)112 (14.2)162 (16.2)
 Poorer757 (48.9)348 (45.2)196 (45)270 (42)339 (40)91 (26.4)79 (39.7)
 Middle724 (53.4)480 (50.7)155 (54.4)204 (53.1)301 (45.5)95 (42.6)89 (49.7)
 Richer655 (54.8)663 (54.6)138 (60)140 (54.9)262 (56)75 (50.3)71 (61.2)
 Richest489 (56.5)811 (59.3)136 (60.4)130 (57)157 (52.5)33 (49.3)36 (48.6)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Frequency of listening to the radio/reading newspapers/magazines
 Not at all259 (35.2)137 (33.9)208 (29.7)65 (28.3)131 (17.7)90 (18.2)120 (14.7)
 Less than once a week61 (36.5)63 (56.8)32 (42.7)17 (50)37 (28.5)10 (55.6)10 (50)
 At least once a week2967 (50)2262 (52.6)650 (49.4)949 (43.6)1390 (38.5)306 (28.8)307 (41.9)
  Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001
Birth order
 1st1295 (43.6)1084 (45.7)387 (43.1)439 (39.8)598 (34.6)159 (28.5)153 (28.2)
 2nd955 (49.6)820 (59.1)244 (43.2)292 (44)425 (36.4)99 (25.4)108 (28.2)
 3rd565 (55.9)350 (58.9)142 (45.2)157 (45.6)250 (36.1)69 (26.3)74 (29.5)
 4th263 (55.6)106 (45.9)63 (40.9)77 (45.8)147 (36.9)36 (24)48 (30.6)
 5th and above210 (45.9)102 (43.6)54 (33.3)66 (40.7)138 (27.8)43 (20.2)54 (23.1)
 p Value0.0010.0010.140.180.010.200.46
Child status
 Dead86 (23.2)80 (35.1)32 (20.8)31 (20.8)51 (14.3)12 (9.4)24 (14)
 Alive3201 (49.5)2382 (51.9)858 (44.2)1000 (43.6)1507 (36.5)394 (27.3)413 (29.6)
 p Value0.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.0010.001