Table 3

PARS characteristics in different countries

Reason for referralWho can prescribeWhere is takenType of physical activityParticipants paymentsDuration of the programme
UKCardiovascular diseases* (3, 4, 5, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 22, 28, 36, 37)
Diabetes mellitus (3, 4,1 3, 14,16, 36, 37)
Sedentary behaviour (3, 4, 13, 16, 22)
Asthma (3, 4, 28, 37)
Overweight/obese (4, 13, 14, 16, 36, 37)
Depression (3, 4, 5, 16)
Osteoporosis (4, 13, 28, 37)
GP
Nurse
Other healthcare professional
Facility basedAerobics
Swimming
Walking
Yes, reduced price8–10 (16, 36)
12–14 weeks (3, 4, 13, 14)
16 weeks
Up to 26 (37)
SwedenCardiovascular diseases (24, 26, 31, 17, 18, 19)
Diabetes mellitus (17, 18, 19, 24, 25, 26, 31)
Sedentary behaviour (24, 26)
Asthma (24, 26)
Overweight/obese (17, 18, 19, 25, 26, 31)
GP
Other health professionals
Facility based=0
Home based=0
Both=all articles
Nordic walking
Swimming
Gardening
YesNo data
NLMinorities (7, 32)
People from low social economic status (7, 32)
GPFacility basedAerobicsYes18 weeks
DenmarkSedentary lifestyle
Chronic diseases
GPFacility basedAerobics
Walking
Yes, full price4 months
SpainChronic diseases (10, 11)GPFacility basedWalkingNo6 months
CanadaOlder adults (21)
Women with sedentary behaviour (8)
GPFacility basedAerobicsNo8 weeks
Australia/New ZealandWomen with sedentary lifestyle (23)
Patients with cancer (27)
GP and other health professionalsBothAerobicsYes12 weeks
USASedentary lifestyle in older adults(1, 29)
Different chronic diseases (33)
GPBothAerobicsYes24 weeks
  • *Numbers in brackets present the number of the study listed in online supplementary appendix 1.

  • GP, general practitioner.