Table 2

Terminology relating to AKI management

TermDefinition
ACE inhibitorA class of drug used to treat hypertension
GFR/eGFRA measure of renal function. For an acutely ill patient, a GFR value of <60 mL/min/1.73 m2 or a rapid decrease of GFR indicates a risk of AKI*
Serum creatinineA by-product of kidney functioning that may be detected in a blood test. An increase in creatinine level of 26 µmol/L or greater within the previous 48 hours, or an increase of 50% over the previous 7 days, confirms AKI*
Urea and electrolytesBy-products of kidney functioning that may be detected in a blood test
  • *Criteria obtained from NCGC22.

  • ACE, angiotensin-converting enzyme; AKI, acute kidney injury; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; GFR, glomerular filtration rate.