Table 4

RR of diabetes according to joint categories of BMI and physical activity among men

Body mass index (kg/m2)
Physical activity summary score*14.5–24.925.0–29.9≥30.0p Value
High
 Number of cases145022
 Number of persons27771785204
 RR† (95% CI)1.00 (reference)4.31 (2.39 to 7.78)13 (6.92 to 26)
Medium
 Number of cases259041
 Number of persons27492397348
 RR† (95% CI)1.55 (0.80 to 2.97)5.12 (2.92 to 9.00)15 (8.03 to 27)
Low
 Number of cases4012471
 Number of persons36623209595
 RR† (95% CI)2.29 (1.24 to 4.21)6.34 (3.65 to 11)17 (9.52 to 30)
Ptrend<0.001
Pinteraction0.108
  • *Summary score combining information on frequency, duration and intensity among those who were active ≥1 a week (sex-specific medians defining medium and high activity). No activity and activity <1 a week were grouped as low activity.

  • †Adjusted for age (continuous); education (≤9 years, 10–12 years, >12 years; unknown); alcohol frequency in the past 2 weeks (no, 1–4, ≥5, abstainer; unknown); smoking (never, former, current, unknown); BP medication use (yes, no, unknown); prevalent CVD (yes, no, unknown).

  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; C, cases; CVD, cardiovascular disease; NA, not applicable; PA, physical activity; Pers., persons; RR, risk ratio.