Table 3

Estimated means of VFA according to lifestyle factors by analysis of covariance

Normal weightHigher weight
(BMI 18.5–22.9 kg/m2)(BMI≥23.0 kg/m2)
nVFAp ValuenVFAp Value
Drinking habits0.0080.555
 Quit + never22754.129295.1
Smoking habits0.0300.094
 Quit24658.1Embedded Image0.03535691.9
Exercise habits0.001<0.001
 0 min/week29959.3Embedded Image 0.001
Embedded Image 0.030
404101.1Embedded Image <0.001
Embedded Image 0.007
 1–59 min/week22257.326093.8
 ≥60 min/week22452.226588.6
Eating until full0.5500.001
Eating quickly0.7830.177
Drinking habits0.1060.376
 Quit + never58839.925472.2
Smoking habits0.7690.351
Exercise habits0.3580.161
 0 min/week56341.423077.1
 1–59 min/week22141.09171.5
 ≥60 min/week24939.79471.9
Eating until full0.8230.047
Eating quickly0.0090.025
  • p<0.05 by Bonferroni method are presented in italics.

  • Visceral fat areas (VFA, cm2) are presented as estimated means.

  • BMI, Body Mass Index.