Table 2

RR of diabetes according to BMI and a physical activity summary score*, by gender

 MenWomen
CPersRR†RR‡ (95% CI)p ValueCPers.RR†RR‡ (95% CI)p Value
BMI (kg/m2)
14.5–24.99510 9881.001.00 (reference)8714 6291.001.00 (reference)
25.0–29.930088383.103.21 (2.49 to 4.14)21868213.503.52 (2.63 to 4.73)
≥30.015613849.018.93 (6.69 to 12)28025259.919.97 (7.38 to 13)
Ptrend<0.001<0.001
PA summary score
Low23574661.001.00 (reference)22676731.001.00 (reference)
Medium15654940.720.80 (0.66 to 0.98)13050600.730.81 (0.65 to 1.00)
High8647660.540.65 (0.51 to 0.84)12470420.630.76 (0.61 to 0.95)
Ptrend<0.0010.010
  • *Summary score combining information on frequency, duration and intensity among those who were active ≥1 a week (sex-specific medians defining medium and high activity). No activity and activity <1 a week were grouped as low activity.

  • †Adjusted for age (continuous); education (≤9 years, 10–12 years, >12 years; unknown); alcohol frequency in the past 2 weeks (no, 1–4, ≥5, abstainer; unknown); smoking (never, former, current, unknown); BP medication use (yes, no, unknown); prevalent CVD (yes, no, unknown).

  • ‡Mutually adjusted for BMI and PA summary score in addition to covariates†.

  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; C, cases; CVD, cardiovascular disease; NA, not applicable; PA, physical activity; Pers., persons; RR, risk ratio.