Table 1

Medical graduates' preparedness for practical procedures

Practical procedurePrepared: number and reference(s)Unprepared: number and reference(s)
Venepuncture*4Bleakley and Brennan36
Matheson and Matheson42
Illing et al28
Morrow et al40
0
Urinary catheterisation*3Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42
Matheson and Matheson42
3Bleakley and Brennan35
Morrow et al40
Illing et al28
Wound suturing*03Matheson and Matheson42
Bleakley and Brennan35
Naghavi and Sanati59
Administering intramuscular and subcutaneous injections*1Bleakley and Brennan353Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42
Matheson and Matheson42
Carry out basic respiratory function tests*1Bleakley and Brennan354Matheson and Matheson42
Brown et al42
Bleakley and Brennan35
Morrow et al40
Blood cultures from peripheral and central sites*1Bleakley and Brennan350
Use of local anaesthetics*1Brown et al42§2Brown et al42§
Bleakley and Brennan35
Making up drugs for parenteral administration*1Bleakley and Brennan354Brown et al42
Bleakley and Brennan35
Naghavi and Sanati59
Morrow et al40
Perform and interpret ECG*2Brown et al42§
Bleakley and Brennan35
1Brown et al42§
Administer oxygen therapy*2Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42§
2Brown et al42§
Matheson and Matheson42
Establishing peripheral intravenous access and setting up an infusion*3Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42§
Matheson and Matheson42
2Brown et al42§
Bleakley and Brennan35
Nasogastric tube insertion2Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42§
4Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42§
Matheson and Matheson42
Morrow et al40
Establish intravenous access for patient with broken veins1Wijnen-Meijer et al52§1Wijnen-Meijer et al52§
Arterial blood sampling3Bleakley and Brennan35
Brown et al42
Matheson and Matheson42
2Morrow et al40
Naghavi and Sanati59
Inserting a central venous line02Goldacre et al35
Naghavi and Sanati59
Inserting a chest drain02Goldacre et al35
Elsayed et al60
Correct use of a nebuliser2Bleakley and Brennan35
Morrow et al40
3Bleakley and Brennan35
Matheson and Matheson42
Morrow et al40
Basic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) (TD09 16e)2Bleakley and Brennan35
Matheson and Matheson42
1Morrow et al40
Control of haemorrhage01Bleakley and Brennan35
Total number of different studies59
  • *Skills specifically identified in TD09 Appendix A.16

  • †Different cohorts, newer evidencing greater preparedness.

  • ‡Partial evidence.

  • §Self-report measures differ from supervisor report.

  • Blue text, self-report only; Red text, mixed participants/methods; Green text, observational data; Black text, trainer report only.