Table 1

Characteristics between fallers and non-fallers in 443 men and women during follow-up

≥70 years old (n=94)40–70 years old (n=349)
VariablesNew faller (%)Non-faller (%)New faller (%)Non-faller (%)
Number of cases12 (12.8)82 (87.2)23 (6.6)326 (93.4)
Age (years)77.1 (4.9)75.0 (4.4)53.5 (7.4)53.0 (7.5)
Male6 (50.0)45 (54.9)5 (21.7)130 (39.9)
Body height (cm)154.85 (7.73)156.66 (8.71)157.60 (6.85)159.56 (7.70)
Skeletal muscle mass (kg)21.93 (3.60)22.28 (4.70)22.7 (4.9)23.3 (4.9)
Living alone5 (41.7)**7 (8.5)1 (4.3)12 (3.7)
Current smoking2 (16.7)5 (6.1)4 (17.4)40 (12.3)
Current alcohol consumption1 (8.3)7 (8.5)6 (26.1)46 (14.1)
Moderate exercise habit1 (8.3)20 (24.4)7 (30.4)116 (35.6)
Fall history6 (50.0)24 (29.3)8 (34.8)*51 (15.6)
Fracture history3 (25.0)15 (18.3)9 (39.1)67 (20.6)
Diabetes mellitus history1 (8.3)11 (13.4)1 (4.3)22 (6.7)
Hypertension history7 (58.3)33 (40.2)2 (8.7)62 (19.0)
Cerebrovascular accident history0 (0)1 (1.2)0 (0)3 (0.9)
Arrhythmia history0 (0)2 (2.4)2 (8.7)15 (4.6)
Osteoarthritis history0 (0)4 (4.9)0 (0)10 (3.1)
Psychiatric drug user2 (16.7)3 (3.7)1 (4.3)17 (5.2)
Anaemia†6 (50.0)23 (28.0)6 (26.1)*29 (8.9)
Albumin (mg/dL)4.38 (0.19)4.46 (0.23)4.57 (0.25)4.57 (0.22)
QUS-C-derived BUA (dB/MHz)52.17 (18.35)63.84 (20.29)73.35 (14.09)70.94 (16.68)
  • Continuous variables, mean (SD), were analysed using an independent t test; categorical variables, n (%), were analysed using a χ2 test.

  • *p<0.05, **p<0.01.

  • †Anaemia in men if haemoglobin (Hb) <13 g/dL, and in women if Hb <12 g/dL.

  • BUA, broadband ultrasound attenuation; QUS-C, calcaneal quantitative ultrasound.