Table 2

Ward level outcome indicators and associated definitions

Ward-level outcome indicatorsDefinition
Cardiac arrests (SCHs only)Any cardiac arrests occurring on ward defined as staff having to use chest compression or a defibrillator on a patient
Respiratory arrestsAny respiratory arrests occurring on ward defined as staff having to use a positive pressure ventilator on a patient
Unplanned transfers to a higher level of careAny change in allocation (upwards)/escalation of care including: transfers to high dependency unit, any increase in level of observation and any increase in staffing ratios for that patient
Unplanned transfers to PICUIncludes all transfers:
  • To PICU, except via surgery (elective)

  • To the HDU or PICU where the patient received tracheal intubation, initiation of vasoactive medications for haemodynamic support or three fluid boluses in the first 60 min of PICU care or before arrival