Table 3

Estimated prevalence of menstrual hygiene management using minimal and relaxed criteria

 MHM criteria (minimal)MHM criteria (relaxed)
AFRIpad users
N=72
Usual practice
N=129
AFRIpad users
N=72
Usual practice
N=129
Application of criteria % (n) retainedApplication of criteria % (n) retained
Clean absorbent(Criteria: AFRIpad, new cloth, or sanitary pad)(Criteria: AFRIpad, old or new cloth, sanitary pad)
100 (72)37.2 (48)100 (72)85.3 (110)
Changed frequently(Criteria: 3 times or more)(Criteria: 2 times or more)
66.7 (48)19.4 (25)93.1 (67)80.6 (104)
Washed with soap*(Criteria: washed absorbent with soap)(Criteria: washed absorbent with soap)
65.3 (47)18.6 (24)90.3 (65)79.1 (102)
Dried adequately*(Criteria: absorbent dried outside)(Criteria: absorbent dried outside or hung inside)
29.2 (21)10.1 (13)56.9 (41)45.7 (59)
(Criteria: absorbent never worn damp)(Criteria: absorbent never worn damp)
29.2 (21)10.1 (13)56.9 (41)41.1 (53)
Privacy for washing*(Criteria: not worried about being observed washing absorbent)(Criteria: not worried about being observed washing absorbent)
11.1 (8)8.5 (11)19.4 (14)23.3 (30)
% (95% CI) (n)% (95% CI) (n)% (95% CI) (n)% (95% CI) (n)
Meet available criteria11.1 (5.6% to 21.0%) (8)8.5 (4.7% to 14.8%) (11)19.4 (11.7% to 30.5%) (14)23.3 (16.7% to 31.4%) (30)
Prevalence of poor MHM88.9 (79.0% to 94.4%) (64)91.5 (85.2% to 95.3%) (118)80.6 (69.5% to 88.3%) (58)76.7 (68.6% to 83.3%) (99)
Total % (95% CI) (n)Total % (95% CI) (n)
Met available criteria9.5 (6.1% to 14.4%) (19)21.9 (16.7% to %28.2) (44)
Prevalence of poor MHM90.5 (85.6% to 93.9%) (182)78.1 (71.8% to 83.3%) (157)
  • *If reusable absorbent (AFRIpad, new/old cloth).

  • MHM, menstrual hygiene management.