Table 4

Breast feeding education, views and practices of participants at both hospitals

ParameterBFHI HospitalNon-BFHI HospitalDFSignificance*
Sources of info about breast feeding
Prenatal sample sizeN=135 (%)N=135
 Doctors21 (15.6%)10 (7.4%)3p<0.001
 Nurses32 (23.7%) 8 (5.9%)
 Other63 (46.6%)59 (43.7%)
 No response19 (14.1%)58 (43.0%)
Prenatal feeding intent of mother
 Exclusive breast feeding55 (40.7%)52 (38.5%)4p<0.05
 Formula feeding18 (13.3%) 4 (3.0%)
 Mixed feeding52 (38.5%)66 (48.9%)
 Undecided10 (7.5%)12 (8.9%)
 No response† 0 (0.0%) 1(0.7%)
Breast feeding rates at discharge
1 month sample sizen=104 (%)n=98 (%)
 Exclusive breast feeding53 (50.9%)29 (29.6%)2p<0.001
 Formula feeding 1 (1.0%)11 (11.2%)
 Mixed feeding49 (47.1%)58 (59.2%)
 No response† 1 (1.0%) 0 (0.0%)
Breast feeding rates at 1 month postpartum
1 month sample sizen=104 (%)n=98 (%)
 Exclusive breast feeding18 (17.3%)18 (18.4%)2p=0.148
 Formula feeding12 (11.4%)21 (21.4%)
 Mixed feeding73 (70.2%)59 (60.2%)
 No response 1 (1.1%) 0 (0.0%)
Breast feeding rates at 3 months postpartum
3 months sample sizen=91 (%)n=85 (%)
 Exclusive breast feeding12 (13.2%) 9 (10.6%)2p=0.215
 Formula feeding27 (29.7%)36 (42.3%)
 Mixed feeding52 (57.1%)40 (47.1%)
Breast feeding rates at 6 months postpartum
6 months sample sizen=78 (%)n=78 (%)
 Exclusive breast feeding15 (19.2%) 2 (2.6%)2p<0.01
 Formula feeding38 (48.7%)37 (47.4%)
 Mixed feeding25 (32.1%)39 (50.0%)
Women offered or guided to lactation support services
Sample sizen=91 (%)n=85 (%)
 3 months8 (8.8%)1 (1.1%)1p<0.05
Sample sizen=78 (%)n=78 (%)
 6 months11 (14.1%)5 (6.4%)1p=0.113
Top reasons for stopping breast feeding at 3 months postpartum
Sample sizen=91 (%)n=85 (%)
 Insufficient milk15 (16.5%)13 (15.3%)3p=0.659
 Excessive crying12 (13.2%) 6 (7.1%)
 Illness (baby or self) 6 (6.6%) 5 (5.9%)
 Bottle feeding easierNGNG
Top reasons for stopping breast feeding at 6 months postpartum
Sample sizen=78 (%)n=78 (%)
 Insufficient milk21 (26.9%)22 (28.2%)3p<0.05
 Excessive crying18 (23.1%)10 (12.8%)
 Illness (baby or self)NGNG
 Bottle feeding easier17 (21.8%)4 (5.1%)
  • 2 test (p<0.05 was considered statistically significant).

  • †Not included in χ2 test calculation.

  • BFHI, Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative; DF, degrees of freedom; NG, this reason was not given at this time.