Table 3

ORs for MetS by various risk factors

CharacteristicsOverallAmerindianCreoleHindustaniJavaneseMaroonMixed ethnicity
N=2646N=211N=321N=740N=434N=576N=327
Sex
 Male1111111
 Female1.4 (1.2 to 1.6)*1.8 (0.8 to 4.2)1.9 (1.2 to 3.1) *1.0 (0.8 to 1.4)1.5 (1.0 to 2.2)*5.4 (2.9 to 10.1)*0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)
Age (years)
 20–341111111
 35–442.7 (2.2 to 3.4)*3.9 (1.4 to 11.0)*3.1 (1.5 to 6.7) *2.0 (1.4 to 2.8) *3.0 (1.8 to 5.2) *3.6 (2.0 to 6.8) *2.0 (1.2 to 3.5) *
 45–544.2 (3.4 to 5.3)*7.1 (2.2 to 21.8)*4.9 (2.5 to 9.5) *3.8 (2.7 to 5.4) *3.8 (2.2 to 6.7) *6.2 (3.1 to 12.4) *2.1 (1.1 to 3.8) *
 55–645.5 (4.3 to 7.2)*11.0 (2.5 to 53.3) *6.2 (2.9 to 13.0) *5.6 (3.5 to 8.9) *5.6 (2.9 to 10.7) *8.3 (3.8 to 18.0) *3.6 (1.9 to 7.0) *
Education
Low1111111
Middle0.9 (0.7 to 1.1)1.0 (0.3 to 2.8)1.1 (0.6 to 2.0)1.1 (0.8 to 1.5)0.6 (0.4 to 1.0)0.3 (0.1 to 0.8)*1.2 (0.7 to 2.1)
High0.7 (0.6 to 0.9)*0.2 (0.0 to 2.9)0.9 (0.5 to 1.7)0.6 (0.4 to 1.0)*0.7 (0.4 to 1.3)0.7 (0.3 to 1.7)1.2 (0.7 to 2.1)
Income status
 q1-lowest1111111
 q20.8 (0.7 to 1.1)2.2 (0.6 to 8.2)0.7 (0.3 to 1.7)0.8 (0.5 to 1.2)0.3 (0.2 to 0.6)*1.3 (0.5 to 2.4)0.9 (0.4 to 2.2)
 q31.1 (0.8 to 1.5)1.1 (0.1 to 17.5)2.2 (0.8 to 6.1)1.5 (0.9 to 2.7)0.3 (0.1 to 0.7)*0.5 (0.1 to 2.0)0.7 (0.3 to 1.8)
 q4 and q5-highest0.7 (0.5 to 0.9)*0.9 (0.2 to 5.0)1.4 (0.5 to 4.0)0.5 (0.3 to 0.9)*0.6 (0.3 to 1.3)0.4 (0.1 to 2.7)0.5 (0.2 to 1.2)
Residential area
 Urban coastal1111111
 Rural coastal1.2 (1.0 to 1.5)0.9 (0.3 to 2.6)1.0 (0.5 to 2.1)1.4 (0.9 to 2.1)1.0 (0.6 to 1.6)1.4 (0.6 to 3.7)1.1 (0.6 to 2.2)
 Rural interior0.6 (0.5 to 0.8)*0.6 (0.2 to 1.6)NANANA0.9 (0.5 to 1.6)NA
Marital status
Not married1111111
Married1.3 (1.1 to 1.6)*0.5 (0.2 to 1.4)1.1 (0.6 to 1.9)1.1 (0.8 to 1.5)0.9 (0.6 to 1.6)0.9 (0.6 to 1.5))1.6 (1.0 to 2.5)*
Employment
 Employed1111111
Not employed0.9 (0.8 to 1.1)0.5 (0.2 to 1.1)0.4 (0.2 to 1.0)*0.9 (0.6 to 1.3)1.0 (0.6 to 1.7)1.0 (0.6 to 1.7)1.0 (0.6 to 1.9)
Smoking status
 Not smoking1111111
 Smoking0.8 (0.7 to 1.0)0.9 (0.2 to 3.2)1.4 (0.8 to 2.7)0.7 (0.5 to 1.0)0.9 (0.5 to 1.4)0.8 (0.3 to 2.4)0.9 (0.5 to 1.5)
Physical activity
 MET< 6001111111
 MET≥6000.9 (0.7 to 1.1)0.8 (0.3 to 2.3)1.1 (0.6 to 2.0)0.7 (0.5 to 1.0)0.9 (0.6 to 1.4)1.1 (0.7 to 2.0)1.0 (0.6 to 1.5)
Fruit and vegetable consumption
 <5 portions/day1111111
 ≥5 portions/day1.0 (0.8 to 1.2)1.2 (0.2 to 5.8)0.8 (0.4 to 1.6)0.8 (0.5 to 1.2)1.7 (1.0 to 3.0)*1.3 (0.5 to 3.0)1.0 (0.6 to 1.7)
  • Binominal regression procedures adjusted for age and sex were used to calculate the OR for all the risk factors (excluding sex and age) in the overall population and per ethnic group. The OR is considered significant with a p value below 0.05 (*=p<0.05). NA indicates not applicable. The overall population also includes other ethnicities.

  • MET, metabolic equivalent of task; MetS, metabolic syndrome.