Table 1

Participant characteristics, overall and per ethnic group (N=2646), including the prevalence of MetS

Overall populationAmerindianCreoleHindustaniJavaneseMaroonMixed ethnicity
N=2646N=211N=321N=740N=434N=576N=327
Men % (95% CI)48.5 (46.6 to 50.5)36.2 (27.3 to 45.7)b,c,d58.3 (52.7 to 63.7)a,e,f53.5 (50.2 to 56.7)a,d51.9 (47.1 to 56.8)a,d38.8 (34.2 to 43.6)b,c,d45.7 (40.6 to 50.8)b
Age, mean (SD) years39.2 (12.2)40.0 (12.0)e39.5 (13.2)e40.4 (11.7)e41.6 (11.5)e,f35.6 (11.6)a,b,c,d,f38.8 (12.6)d,e
Education % (95% CI)
 Low52.5 (50.5 to 54.4)80.2 (71.6 to 87.2)b,c,d.f37.6 (32.1 to 43.2)a,c,d,e54.6 (51.2 to 57.9)a,b,e,f51.9 (47.0 to 56.8)a,b,e,f67.4 (62.6 to 71.9)b,c,d,f32.2 (27.4 to 37.4)a,c,d,e
 Middle27.1 (25.3 to 28.9)16.5 (9.9 to 24.5)b,d,f32.3 (27.1 to 37.9)a,e27.1 (24.2 to 30.2)33.5 (29.1 to 38.3)a,e19.7 (16.1 to 23.9)b,d,f31. 7 (26.9 to 36.9)a,e
 High20.5 (18.9 to 22.1)3.2 (1.0 to 8.9)b,c,d,f30.2 (25.1 to 35.7)a,c,d,f18.3 (15.9 to 21.1)a,b,f14.6 (11.4 to 18.4)a,b,f12.9 (9.9 to 16.6) b,f36.1 (31.1 to 41.4)a,c,d,e
Income status % (95% CI)
 q1-lowest33.5 (31.1 to 35.9)59.1 (46.0 to 71.3)b,c,d,f21.3 (15.8 to 28.2)a,e30.9 (27.0 to 35.1)a,e21.4 (16.8 to 26.9)a,e53.7 (47.4 to 59.9)b,c,d,f20.6 (15.3 to 26.7)a,e
 q234.0 (31.6 to 36.4)25.7 (15.2 to 37.9)41.6 (34.3 to 49.1)f37.3 (33.2 to 41.6)f39.1 (33.3 to 45.2)f32.6 (26.9 to 38.7)24.3 (18.7 to 30.8)b,c,d
 q315.0 (13.3 to 16.9)4.1 (1.0 to 13.1)20.7 (14.9 to 27.1)e17.8 (14.6 to 21.4)e18.8 (14.5 to 24.1)e7.1 (4.1 to 10.7)b,c,d,f17.6 (12.8 to 23.6)e
 q4 and q5-highest17.5 (15.7 to 19.6)11.0 (4.5 to 21.4)f16.3 (11.5 to 22.8)e,f14.0 (11.2 to 17.3)e,f20.6 (15.9 to 25.8)e,f6.7 (3.8 to 10.2)bcdf37.4 (30.8 to 44.3)a,b,c,d,e
Residential area % (95% CI)
 Urban coastal74.7 (73.1 to 76.5)29.7 (21.6 to 39.1)b,c,d,e,f86.2 (81.9 to 89.7)a,d,e84.8 (82.3 to 87.0) a,d,e75.4 (71.0 to 79.4) a,b,c,e,f57.3 (52.4 to 62.0) a,b,c,d,f88.2 (84.4 to 91.2) a,d,e
 Rural coastal14.9 (13.5 to 16.3)29.0 (20.9 to 38.3) b,c,e,f13.8 (10.3 to 18.1) a,d,e15.2 (13.0 to 17.7) a,d,e24.6 (20.6 to 29.0)b,c,e,f6.9 (4.8 to 9.9)a,b,c,d11.8 (8.8 to 15.6)a,d
 Rural interior10.3 (9.2 to 11.5)41.3 (32.2 to 51.0) b,c,d,f0 (0 to 1.5) a,e0 (0 to 0.5) a,e0 (0 to 1.1) a,e35.8 (31.3 to 40.6) b,c,d,f0 (0 to 1.3) a,e
Living with partner % (95% CI)58.4 (56.5 to 60.3)75.1 (66.3 to 82.9)b,e,f30.7 (25.8 to 36.1)a,c,d,e,f70.4 (67.3 to 73.3)b,d,e,f80.1 (75.9 to 83.8)b,c,e,f46.5 (41.6 to 51.4)a,b,c,d52.0 (46.8 to 57.2) a,b,c,d
Employed % (95% CI)71.2 (69.5 to 73.0)38.0 (29.8 to 48.5)b,c,d,e,f84.6 (80.2 to 88.4)a,c,e70.0 (66.9 to 72.9)a,b,f76.3 (71.9 to 80.2)a,e63.4 (58.6 to 67.9)a,b,d,f80.8 (76.5 to 84.7)a,c,e
Smoking % (95% CI)21.4 (19.9 to 23.1)12.1 (6.9 to 19.8) b,d,f31.5 (26.5 to 36.9) a,c,e20.2 (17.7 to 23.0) b,d,e29.7 (25.4 to 34.3) a,c,e9.9 (7.3 to 13.2) b,c,d,f25.9 (21.5 to 30.7) a,e
Rec. physical activity % (95% CI)64.3 (62.2 to 66.2)61.5 (50.2 to 72.2)71.6 (65.8 to 76.8)64.6 (61.1 to 67.9)62.8 (57.7 to 67.6)60.9 (55.6 to 66.1)63.3 (57.8 to 68.5)
Rec. fruit and veg. cons. % (95% CI)15.9 (14.5 to 17.4)7.3 (3.3 to 14.1)d18.0 (14.0 to 22.7)15.6 (13.3 to 18.2)18.3 (14.8 to 22.5)12.6 (9.5 to 16.5)a20.5 (16.6 to 25.1)
Body mass index, mean (SD)27.3 (5.9)28.6 (5.6)27.1 (6.1)27.0 (5.6)27.4 (5.5)27.3 (6.2)27.4 (6.1)
Waist circumference, mean (SD)89.6 (15.0)92.8 (14.5)d,e88.7 (15.3)c91.7 (15.3)b,d,e87.6 (13.0)a,c87.5 (14.7)a,c90.0 (16.2)
SBP, mean (SD) mm Hg121.1 (19.4)119.8 (17.9)123.9 (20.1)120.9 (19.4)121.5 (19.7)120.2 (18.7)120.2 (20.6)
DBP, mean (SD) mm  Hg80.1 (12.5)78.1 (11.2)80.3 (13.3)80.9 (12.1)81.0 (12.7)79.2 (13.0)79.5 (12.3)
FBG, median (IQ) mmol/L5.4 (5.0 to 5.9)5.4 (5.1 to 6.0)b,c,e5.2 (4.9 to 5.8)a,c,e,f5.6 (5.2 to 6.5)a,b,d,e,f5.3 (4.9 to 6.0)e5.1 (4.8 to 5.6)a,b,c,d,f5.4 (5.0 to 5.8)b,c,d
HDL-C, median (IQ) mmol/L1.1 (1.0 to 1.3)1.1 (0.9 to 1.3)b,e1.2 (1.0 to 1.4)a,c,d,f1.1 (0.9 to 1.2)b,e,f1.1 (1.0 to 1.3)b,e,f1.2 (1.1 to 1.4)a,c,d,f1.1 (1.0 to 1.3)b,c,d,e
Triglycerides median (IQ) mmol/L1.0 (0.7 to 1.6)1.2 (0.9 to 2.1)b,e,f0.8 (0.6 to 1.2)a,c,d,e,f1.2 (0.8 to 1.8)b,e,f1.3 (0.9 to 2.2)b,e,f0.8 (0.5 to 1.1)a,b,c,d,f1.0 (0.7 to 1.5)a,b,c,d,e
  • The values are estimated means (SD), medians (IQ=IQR) or proportions (% (CI)) and are based on weighted data. q=Income status quintile. The overall population.

  • The subscript letters a,b,c.d,e and f denote proportions; means or medians differ significantly from the Amerindians, Creoles, Hindustanis, Javanese, Maroons and Mixed ethnicity, respectively, at the 0.05 level.

  • Cons, consumption; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FGB, fasting blood glucose; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein; Rec, recommended; SBP, systolic blood pressure; Veg, vegetable.