Table 5

Maternal mortality, ages 40–69, for mothers with one loss by total number of children surviving the perinatal period compared with mothers with no perinatal losses by number of births

Mothers with no lossMothers with one loss
Surviving children by educationNDeaths (per 1000)NDeaths (per 1000)HR (95% CI)*†
Cardiovascular mortality
Low education
 156 198417 (7)166818 (11)1.2 (0.73 to 1.9)
 2144 821593 (4)413734 (8)1.7 (1.2 to 2.4)
 ≥394 916385 (4)321423 (7)1.6 (1.1 to 2.4)
High education
 158 382114 (2)10622 (2)0.59 (0.15 to 2.4)
 2167 873182 (1)33527 (2)1.4 (0.65 to 2.9)
 ≥3104 50889 (0.9)27481 (0.4)0.36 (0.05 to 2.6)
Non-cardiovascular mortality
Low education
 157 2632547 (44)1715112 (65)1.2 (1.0 to 1.5)
 2146 7914534 (31)4211182 (43)1.2 (1.1 to 1.4)
 ≥396 0352624 (27)3255106 (33)1.1 (0.90 to 1.3)
High education
 158 823966 (16)107323 (21)0.89 (0.59 to 1.4)
 2168 8382112 (13)338267 (20)1.2 (0.94 to 1.5)
 ≥3105 0421158 (11)276535 (13)0.99 (0.71 to 1.4)
  • Analyses stratified on low (<11 years) and high (≥11 years) education level.

  • *HR with 95% CI, adjusted for the mothers' birth year and age at first birth.

  • †Data are defined: Reference; mothers without losses, strata specific.