Table 4

Maternal mortality, ages 40–69, for mothers with one perinatal loss and no surviving child compared with mothers with one birth without perinatal losses

One birth and no lossOne birth and loss
EducationNDeaths (per 1000)NDeaths (per 1000)HR (95% CI)*
Cardiovascular mortality
 Low56 198417 (7.0)63418 (28)2.7 (1.7 to 4.3)
 High58 382114 (2.0)3741 (2.7)0.91 (0.13 to 6.5)
 Ratio low:high1.03.51.7103.0
Non-cardiovascular mortality
 Low57 2632547 (44)65559 (90)1.6 (1.3 to 2.2)
 High58 823966 (16)38116 (42)1.8 (1.1 to 2.9)
 Ratio low:high1.02.81.72.10.9
  • Analyses stratified on low (<11 years) and high (≥11 years) education level.

  • *HR with 95% CI, adjusted for the mothers' birth year and age at first birth.