Table 1

Characteristics of patients who had airway management procedures

All patientsAny airway managementOxygenBVMAirway adjuncts*Intubation
N=490N=329N=302N=75N=10N=42
n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)n (%)
Age
 0–28 days23 (4.7)18 (5.5)12 (4.0)7 (9.3)0 (0.0)6 (14.3)
 29 days–11 months61 (12.5)50 (15.2)41 (13.6)22 (29.3)3 (30.0)15 (35.7)
 12 months–5 years169 (34.5)117 (35.6)110 (36.4)19 (25.3)0 (0.0)6 (14.3)
 6–11 years84 (17.1)56 (17.0)55 (18.2)7 (9.3)1 (10.0)2 (4.8)
 12–17 years153 (31.2)88 (26.8)84 (27.8)20 (26.7)6 (60.0)13 (31.0)
Female195 (39.8)134 (40.7)120 (39.7)33 (44.0)3 (30.0)20 (47.6)
Scene location
 Home219 (44.7)174 (52.9)154 (51.0)51 (68.0)6 (60.0)31 (73.8)
 School25 (5.1)9 (2.7)9 (3.0)3 (4.0)1 (10.0)1 (2.4)
 Street/highway117 (23.9)64 (19.5)63 (20.9)10 (13.3)1 (10.0)7 (16.7)
 Hospital/clinic110 (22.5)69 (21.0)63 (20.9)9 (12.0)0 (0.0)2 (4.8)
 Recreation/sport14 (2.9)10 (3.0)10 (3.3)2 (2.7)2 (20.0)1 (2.4)
 Other5 (1.0)3 (0.9)3 (1.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
First responder
 Ambulance183 (37.4)121 (36.8)112 (37.1)20 (26.7)5 (50.0)13 (31.0)
 Fire181 (36.9)129 (39.2)119 (39.4)33 (44.0)3 (30.0)18 (42.9)
 Police14 (2.9)6 (1.8)6 (2.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (2.4)
 Unknown112 (22.9)73 (22.2)65 (21.5)22 (29.3)2 (20.0)10 (23.8)
Reason for dispatch
 Cardiopulmonary arrest35 (7.1)35 (10.6)19 (6.3)33 (44.0)5 (50.0)26 (61.9)
 Trauma203 (41.4)94 (28.6)91 (30.1)11 (14.7)2 (20.0)10 (23.8)
 Seizure or ALOC107 (21.8)95 (28.9)93 (30.8)17 (22.7)1 (10.0)2 (4.8)
 Ingestion/poisoning/intoxication29 (5.9)15 (4.6)15 (5.0)4 (5.3)2 (20.0)2 (4.8)
 Respiratory distress79 (16.1)73 (22.2)68 (22.5)9 (12.0)0 (0.0)2 (4.8)
 Allergic reaction/anaphylaxis11 (2.2)7 (2.1)7 (2.3)1 (1.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Pain (non-trauma)12 (2.5)5 (1.5)5 (1.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Other14 (2.9)5 (1.5)4 (1.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
  • *Airway adjuncts: airway adjuncts in the chart review included nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal airways n=9 and one King LT supraglottic airway device.

  • ALOC, altered level of consciousness; BVM, bag-valve-mask ventilation.