Table 2

Fitness, physical activity and BMI in 10–15.9-year-olds from the East of England measured 18 months after London 2012 according to self-reported Olympic inspiration

 Olympic inspiration groupANCOVA
NoneBriefContinued
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)Mean (SD)
Boys
Embedded Image (mL/kg/min)*43.4 (4.9)43.2 (4.1)45.4 (6.0)†F=9.35‡
p<0.001
 Physical activity (PAQ)2.78 (0.70)2.88 (0.75)3.04 (0.65)§F=8.84¶
p<0.001
 BMI (z-score)0.32 (1.42)0.35 (0.97)0.39 (1.21)F=0.23‡
p=0.798
Girls
Embedded Image (mL/kg/min)*39.5 (4.6)39.9 (4.9)40.9 (5.6)§F=4.02‡
p=0.019
 Physical activity (PAQ)2.51 (0.68)2.58 (0.62)2.72 (0.55)§F=8.22¶
p<0.001
 BMI (z-score)0.58 (1.15)0.39 (1.14)0.20 (1.24)§F=5.94‡
p=0.003
  • None—participants who had not tried a new sport or activity; Brief—participants who had tried a new activity but discontinued participation by 18 months; Continued—participants who had tried a new activity and who continued to participate at 18 months.

  • *Embedded Image (mL/kg/min) estimated from 20 m shuttle-run test using the equation of Leger et al12

  • †Value is significantly (Bonferroni post hoc test, p<0.05) different to both other groups.

  • ‡Controlling for time of testing and area-level deprivation.

  • §Value is significantly (Bonferroni post hoc test, p<0.05) different from ‘None’ group.

  • ¶Controlling for time of testing, area-level deprivation and decimal age.

  • **Physical activity is 7-day self-reported value (1–5) from the PAQ.17

  • ANCOVA, analysis of covariance; BMI, body mass index presented as age-normalised and sex-normalised z-score based on UK1990 Growth Reference17a; PAQ, Physical Activity Questionnaire for Adolescents.17