Statistical support | Candidates (N=206) | Supervisors (N=672) | p Value |
---|---|---|---|

Never | 102 (49.5) | 15 (2.2) | <0.001* |

Before practical work | 24 (11.7) | 45 (6.7) | 0.019 |

During practical work | 26 (12.6) | 238 (35.2) | <0.001* |

After practical work | 32 (15.5) | 69 (10.2) | 0.036 |

Before and during | 2 (1.0) | 37 (5.5) | 0.006* |

Before and after | 2 (1.0) | 27 (4.0) | 0.033 |

During and after | 11 (5.3) | 105 (15.5) | <0.001* |

Before, during and after | 7 (3.4) | 136 (20.1) | <0.001* |

Overall χ²-independence test: p<0.001, pairwise test results are listed in the last column (significant results at a Bonferroni-corrected 95% level of p<0.00625 are marked with *). Almost 50% of doctoral candidates state a lack of statistical support, 13 although approximately 97% of supervisors state to have provided statistical help.

Values are numbers (percentages).