Table 3

Prevalence of specific psychotropic drugs’ use among adults aged 60–79 years by sociodemographic and health-related factors: German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1) 2008–2011

Synthetic medicinesPhytomedicinesAntidepressants†Hypnotics and sedatives‡Narcotic analgesics§Benzodiazepines and related drugs¶Antidementia drugs**Antiepileptics††
Per cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CIPer cent95% CI
Sex
Men13.110.8 to 16.03.72.6 to 5.13.42.4 to 4.81.6.9 to 2.63.32.0 to 5.31.71.0 to 2.83.12.0 to 4.73.2*2.1 to 5.0
Women20.2**17.3 to 23.59.0**7.2 to 11.211.8**9.4 to 14.74.9**3.7 to 6.64.93.6 to 6.54.7**3.3 to 6.55.23.8 to 7.01.50.9 to 2.6
Age group, years
60–6914.712.3 to 17.64.33.3 to 5.67.35.5 to 9.72.82.0 to 3.94.22.8 to 6.22.31.6 to 3.32.11.4 to 3.22.71.8 to 3.9
70–7919.3*15.9 to 23.18.9**7.0 to 11.48.56.3 to 11.34.02.8 to 5.74.13.0 to 5.74.4*2.9 to 6.66.5**4.7 to 8.82.01.1 to 3.6
Region of residence‡‡
Northern Germany15.612.3 to 19.65.23.5 to 7.86.64.6 to 9.42.61.5 to 4.54.02.4 to 6.42.31.3 to 3.93.01.8 to 5.02.61.4 to 4.6
Central Germany16.113.3 to 19.47.75.9 to 10.07.55.5 to 10.03.72.6 to 5.44.02.8 to 5.63.72.5 to 5.35.23.7 to 7.41.91.2 to 3.2
Southern Germany18.915.0 to 23.56.04.3 to 8.29.46.7 to 12.93.42.2 to 5.34.52.7 to 7.43.62.0 to 6.43.82.4 to 5.92.61.4 to 4.9
Social status
Lower21.9*17.2 to 27.44.42.7 to 7.18.45.6 to 12.43.01.7 to 5.57.3**4.9 to 10.74.02.2 to 7.23.11.6 to 5.91.80.8 to 4.2
Middle16.614.1 to 19.57.25.7 to 9.18.26.3 to 10.83.52.5 to 4.83.52.4 to 5.03.12.1 to 4.64.63.3 to 6.32.71.7 to 4.1
Upper10.47.8 to 13.96.84.6 to 9.95.53.7 to 8.13.42.0 to 5.91.91.1 to 3.53.01.6 to 5.54.02.5 to 6.41.60.7 to 3.8
Living alone
 Yes22.4*18.0 to 27.69.3*6.2 to 13.614.2**10.4 to 19.13.41.9 to 5.85.23.3 to 8.25.02.8 to 8.97.0*4.3 to 11.32.31.1 to 4.6
 No15.413.2 to 17.95.74.5 to 7.16.14.7 to 7.93.32.5 to 4.43.92.8 to 5.32.82.0 to 3.93.42.5 to 4.52.31.6 to 3.4
Smoking
 Smoker14.19.9 to 19.73.91.9 to 7.77.04.4 to 10.92.81.3 to 5.94.72.5 to 8.82.41.1 to 5.01.3.5 to 3.52.51.1 to 6.0
 Ex-smoker16.113.0 to 19.66.95.1 to 9.45.84.1 to 8.23.82.5 to 5.75.33.4 to 8.32.71.6 to 4.74.22.8 to 6.23.5*2.2 to 5.7
 Never-smoker17.714.7 to 21.36.34.9 to 7.99.06.8 to 11.83.22.2 to 4.53.22.2 to 4.54.02.7 to 5.74.33.1 to 6.01.40.8 to 2.4
Health status
Better9.27.4 to 11.45.23.9 to 6.94.93.7 to 6.62.31.6 to 3.31.20.5 to 2.61.91.2 to 3.13.12.2 to 4.31.10.6 to 2.0
Worse27.3**23.7 to 31.38.2*6.3 to 10.512.0**9.3 to 15.34.8*3.4 to 6.88.1**6.2 to 10.65.2**3.6 to 7.55.4*3.8 to 7.73.9**2.6 to 5.9
Certified disability
 Yes27.3**23.1 to 32.16.14.1 to 9.211.6*8.5 to 15.53.72.4 to 5.67.7**5.4 to 10.85.0*3.2 to 7.74.72.8 to 8.05.0**3.1 to 7.9
 No12.110.1 to 14.46.65.3 to 8.26.34.9 to 8.03.02.2 to 4.02.51.7 to 3.72.51.7 to 3.64.13.1 to 5.41.30.8 to 2.0
Polypharmacy§§
 Yes31.2**27.3 to 35.410.9**8.8 to 13.415.0**12.0 to 18.66.1**4.6 to 8.18.4**6.4 to 10.96.3**4.5 to 8.77.4**5.5 to 9.94.6**3.1 to 6.7
 No6.44.8 to 8.63.32.2 to 4.92.61.7 to 4.01.30.8 to 2.21.00.4 to 2.51.10.5 to 2.31.81.1 to 3.00.70.4 to 1.1
  • *p<0.05 or **p<0.01, comparison within specific subgroup, the Rao-Scott second-order χ2 test. Figures in bold denote statistical significance.

  • Missing values for: social status (n=16), living alone (n=14), smoking (n=14), health status (n=19), certified disability (n=58), polypharmacy (n=7).

  • All percentages and 95% CIs were weighted according to the German national population of 31 December 2010.

  • †N06A synthetics and St John's wort (N06AP01).

  • ‡N05C synthetics, valerian and others used for sleep (N05CP).

  • §N02A.

  • ¶N05BA, N05CD, N03AE01 and N05CF.

  • **N06D synthetics and Ginkgo biloba (N06DP01).

  • ††N03.

  • ‡‡Regions: Northern Germany (federal states: Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Schleswig-Holstein); Central Germany (Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia), Southern Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland).

  • §§Polypharmacy: use of five or more drugs, including prescribed and OTC drugs in the last 7 days.