Table 2

Use of psychotropic drugs according to specific subgroups among adults aged 60 and 79 years: German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1) 2008–2011

ATC codeMedication class/active pharmaceutical ingredientNo. of drugsNo. of usersUser prevalence
Per cent95% CI
Synthetics57140416.914.9 to 19.1
 N02ANarcotic analgesics104964.13.2 to 5.3
N02AX51Tilidin31301.30.8 to 2.0
N02AX02Tramadol26260.90.6 to 1.5
 N02CAntimigraine preparations770.40.2 to 1.0
 N03Antiepileptics70632.31.7 to 3.3
N03AF01Carbamazepin19170.70.3 to 1.5
N03AX12Gabapentin17170.60.3 to 1.2
N03AX16Pregabalin15130.40.2 to 0.8
 N04Antiparkinsonian agents47321.20.7 to 2.0
N04BA11Levodopa and benserazide18160.70.3 to 1.4
 N05AAntipsychotics24210.80. 5 to 1.2
 N05BAnxiolytics48482.21.5 to 3.1
N05BABenzodiazepine derivatives46462.11.4 to 3.1
N05BA08Bromazepam15150.90.5 to 1.8
 N05CHypnotics and sedatives52421.30.9 to 1.9
N05CDBenzodiazepines11110.40.2 to 0.9
N05CFBenzodiazepine-related drugs28280.80.5 to 1.3
 N06AAntidepressants1691516.75.5 to 8.5
N06AANon-selective monoamine reuptake inhibitors82803.82.8 to 5.3
N06AA09Amitriptylin26251.40.8 to 2.3
N06AA05Opipramol21211.10.5 to 2.2
N06ABSelective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)47472.01.4 to 2.7
N06AB04Citalopram29291.00.7 to 1.6
 N06BPsychostimulants550.50.1 to 1.8
 N06DAntidementia drugs10100.40.2 to 1.0
 N07Others35341.51.0 to 2.5
Phytomedicines1691586.55.4 to 7.8
N06DP01Ginkgo biloba89883.83.0 to 4.8
N06AP01St John's wort27271.10.8 to 1.7
N05CP01/06Valerian44421.51.0 to 2.1
N05CP04/05/08Others used for sleep990.40.1 to 1.0
Specific drug classes of interest
 Antidepressants (N06A synthetics and St John's wort)1961737.96.5 to 9.5
 Antidementia drugs (N06D synthetics and Ginkgo biloba)99974.23.3 to 5.4
 Hypnotics and sedatives (N05C synthetics, valerian and others used for sleep)105983.32.6 to 4.3
 Benzodiazepines (N05BA, N05CD, N03AE01, N05CF)86843.32.5 to 4.4
All psychotropic drugs (synthetics and phytomedicines)74051821.419.3 to 23.7
  • All percentages and 95% CIs were weighted according to the German national population on 31 December 2010.