Table 5

Factors associated with psychotropic drug use and alcohol consumption among adults aged 60–79 years—overall and in subgroups of interest: German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1) 2008–2011

Psychotropic drug useAlcohol consumption
Any psychotropic drugAll phytomedicinesAll antidepressantsAll hypnotics and sedativesNarcotic analgesicsAt least once a weekAt least once a dayRisky alcohol drinkingPsychotropic drug use combined with daily drinking
R20.2130.1060.1900.1200.2160.2090.1860.1170.059
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Sex
Women1.831.27 to 2.642.661.54 to 4.593.001.79 to 5.044.402.01 to 9.631.851.00 to 3.430.280.22 to 0.360.210.15 to 0.290.460.35 to 0.610.610.27 to 1.37
Age group, years
70–791.190.85 to 1.651.751.17 to 2.600.900.54 to 1.51.320.78 to 2.230.750.4 to 1.391.070.84 to 1.361.100.82 to 1.480.900.66 to 1.231.200.62 to 2.34
Region of residence*
Central Germany1.050.74 to 1.501.350.80 to 2.280.950.57 to 1.591.350.67 to 2.711.060.54 to 2.091.471.10 to 1.981.190.82 to 1.720.780.53 to 1.131.600.59 to 4.35
Southern Germany1.090.72 to 1.641.140.66 to 1.981.330.75 to 2.361.310.61 to 2.831.090.49 to 2.452.351.72 to 3.221.951.34 to 2.861.450.96 to 2.211.460.51 to 4.19
Social status
Lower1.220.77 to 1.940.380.19 to 0.760.880.44 to 1.740.590.24 to 1.432.491.07 to 5.800.440.30 to 0.660.950.60 to 1.520.530.34 to 0.811.240.43 to 3.61
Middle1.080.76 to 1.550.720.45 to 1.151.010.58 to 1.750.680.33 to 1.391.290.58 to 2.840.730.52 to 1.031.000.73 to 1.370.650.46 to 0.921.260.54 to 2.96
Living alone
Yes1.110.80 to 1.551.150.65 to 2.021.571.02 to 2.430.640.33 to 1.250.910.49 to 1.710.710.52 to 0.980.650.44 to 0.980.860.61 to 1.221.210.54 to 2.69
Smoking
Smoker1.050.67 to 1.651.030.46 to 2.291.000.59 to 1.691.740.71 to 4.271.840.81 to 4.181.160.78 to 1.732.601.69 to 4.002.411.52 to 3.821.440.55 to 3.78
Ex-smoker1.180.82 to 1.721.851.13 to 3.020.840.50 to 1.402.301.18 to 4.491.780.95 to 3.361.300.98 to 1.721.220.88 to 1.681.621.18 to 2.211.380.70 to 2.70
Health status
Worse1.741.28 to 2.361.090.71 to 1.661.390.85 to 2.291.260.74 to 2.143.591.64 to 7.850.760.58 to 0.980.740.53 to 1.030.730.54 to 0.991.881.03 to 3.43
Certified disability
Yes1.601.17 to 2.180.620.38 to 1.011.520.97 to 2.361.020.58 to 1.792.000.99 to 4.050.770.58 to 1.040.570.41 to 0.800.660.48 to 0.920.890.48 to 1.64
Polypharmacy†
Yes4.303.11 to 5.942.821.69 to 4.705.393.03 to 9.574.082.20 to 7.595.942.34 to 15.00.910.71 to 1.161.310.96 to 1.801.030.78 to 1.362.461.10 to 5.48
  • ORs and 95% CI were derived from logistic regression models with all variables as independent variables and were weighted according to the German national population on 31 December 2010. Figures in bold denote statistical significance. References are: man, 60–69 years, Northern Germany, upper social status, not living alone, never smoker, worse health status, having no certified disability and no polypharmacy.

  • *Regions: Northern Germany (federal states: Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Schleswig-Holstein); Central Germany (Hesse, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia), Southern Germany (Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland).

  • †Polypharmacy: use of five or more drugs, including prescribed and OTC drugs in the last 7 days.