Table 2

Characteristics of patients assessed for delirium, according to readmissions or death 30 and 180 days after discharge from surgical aortic valve replacement or transcatheter aortic valve implantation (n=136)

30 days180 days
Non-readmittedReadmitted or dead Non-readmittedReadmitted or dead 
VariablesMean or count±SD or (%)Mean or count±SD or (%)p ValueMean or count±SD or (%)Mean or count±SD or (%)p Value
Age (years)83.32.783.92.60.2983.52.783.32.60.66
Barthel index19.11.318.41.80.0519.
Nottingham IADL54.79.552.711.90.44569.351.710.80.03
BMI (kg/m2)25.44.425.73.50.6825.74.425.23.90.44
Charlson comorbidity index2.
Logistic EuroScore13.48.116.1120.2413.18.315.110.30.24
NYHA function class0.28  0.02
 I+II39(41)8(30) 33(47)14(27)
 III+IV56(59)19(70) 37(53)38(73)
LVEF (%)57.79.652.811.50.0457.99.654.710.80.07
Maximum aorta gradient (mm Hg)80.624.775.520.60.2778.322.881.125.50.51
Mean aorta gradient (mm Hg)49.316.74513.60.1547.715.548.916.90.7
Aortic valve area (cm2/m2)0.380.110.440.
ASA classification0.27  0.22
 III90(86)24(77) 68(87)46(79)
 IV15(14)7(23) 10(13)12(21)
Treatment: TAVI50(48)13(42)0.5835(45)28(48)0.69
  • ASA, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status classification system; BMI, body mass index; IADL, instrumental activities of daily living; LVEF, left ventricle ejection fraction; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination; NYHA, New York Heart Association Functional Classification.