TableĀ 2

Behaviour change technique categories included in apps

BCT taxonomy category groupingsNumber of apps to use category%
Feedback and monitoring6094
Comparison of behaviour5281
Reward and threat5281
Self-belief5180
Repetition and substitution5078
Social support4875
Goals and planning4672
Shaping knowledge2539
Associations2031
Antecedents1828
Identity1219
Natural consequences914
Comparison of outcomes58
Regulation12
Scheduled consequences35
Covert learning23
  • Number and percentage of apps to use the 16 behaviour change techniques as derived from a standard taxonomy of behaviour change techniques used in health behaviour change research.19

  • BCT, behaviour change technique.