Table 3

BEARI study mixed logit regression results

Exposure groupOR (95% CI)CoefficientSE (95% CI)p Valuep Value*
Full sample (n=239)<0.001
 Pay-for-performance1.007 (1.006 to 1.008)0.0070.001 (0.006 to 0.008)0.000
 SA2.108 (1.727 to 2.573)0.7460.102 (0.546 to 0.945)0.000
 JA1.092 (0.85 to 1.404)0.0880.128 (−0.162 to 0.339)0.490
 PC1.446 (1.184 to 1.766)0.3690.102 (0.169 to 0.568)0.000
 Additional time1.159 (1.105 to 1.216)0.1470.024 (0.1 to 0.195)0.000
Controls (n=24)0.414
 Pay-for-performance1.006 (1.003 to 1.009)0.0060.002 (0.003 to 0.009)0.000
 SA2.074 (1.302 to 3.303)0.7290.237 (0.264 to 1.195)0.002
 JA0.924 (0.512 to 1.67)−0.0790.302 (−0.67 to 0.513)0.794
 PC1.563 (1.01 to 2.421)0.4470.223 (0.01 to 0.884)0.045
 Additional time1.085 (0.99 to 1.191)0.0820.047 (-0.01 to 0.174)0.082
SA (n=135)<0.001
 Pay-for-performance1.007 (1.006 to 1.009)0.0070.001 (0.006 to 0.009)0.000
 SA2.199 (1.626 to 2.973)0.7880.154 (0.486 to 1.09)0.000
 JA1.009 (0.719 to 1.418)0.0090.173 (-0.33 to 0.349)0.957
 PC1.552 (1.173 to 2.054)0.4400.143 (0.159 to 0.72)0.002
 Additional time1.192 (1.117 to 1.274)0.1760.034 (0.11 to 0.242)0.000
JA (n=121)<0.001
 Pay-for-performance1.006 (1.005 to 1.008)0.0060.001 (0.005 to 0.008)0.000
 SA1.955 (1.504 to 2.54)0.6700.134 (0.408 to 0.932)0.000
 JA1.451 (1.061 to 1.984)0.3720.160 (0.059 to 0.685)0.020
 PC1.429 (1.097 to 1.861)0.3570.135 (0.093 to 0.621)0.008
 Additional time1.174 (1.095 to 1.259)0.1600.036 (0.09 to 0.23)0.000
PC (n=101)<0.001
 Pay-for-performance1.007 (1.005 to 1.009)0.0070.001 (0.005 to 0.009)0.000
 SA2.589 (1.819 to 3.685)0.9510.180 (0.598 to 1.304)0.000
 JA1.079 (0.684 to 1.703)0.0760.233 (−0.38 to 0.532)0.744
 PC1.285 (0.901 to 1.832)0.2500.181 (−0.105 to 0.605)0.167
 Additional time1.200 (1.103 to 1.305)0.1820.043 (0.098 to 0.266)0.000
  • Results indicate the OR of each alternative relative to the control group, broken down by exposure group (full sample, controls, SA, JA and PC).

  • *p Value for significance across all coefficients for that sample.

  • BEARI, use of behavioral economics and social psychology to improve treatment of acute respiratory infections; JA, Accountable Justifications; PC, Peer Comparison; SA, Suggested Alternatives.