Table 3

Twelve-month post-treatment health outcomes

Adjusted β
Admission score12-Month scoreUnadjusted βModel 1Model 2
Mean (SD)Mean (SD)(95% CI)(95% CI)(95% CI)
PTSD (PSS-I)36.5 (7.40)24.9 (11.6)−11.7 (−12.6 to −10.7)−11.7 (−12.7 to −10.6)−11.9 (−13.1 to −10.7)
Depression (PHQ-9)17.1 (5.18)15.0 (8.45)−4.21 (−4.82 to −3.60)−4.23 (−4.86 to −3.60)−4.08 (−4.83 to −3.33)
Generalised anxiety (GAD-7)15.6 (4.78)13.0 (6.71)−4.26 (−4.82 to −3.69)−4.25 (−4.83 to −3.66)−4.32 (−5.04 to −3.59)
Anger (DAR-5)11.3 (5.16)9.41 (5.56)−2.61 (−3.08 to −2.15)−2.57 (−3.06 to −2.09)−2.58 (−3.17 to −2.00)
Alcohol (AUDIT)8.92 (8.42)7.21 (8.01)−1.02 (−1.51 to −0.53)−1.07 (−1.56 to −0.57)−1.21 (−1.77 to −0.65)
Functioning (WSAS)25.2 (8.24)22.3 (10.3)−2.87 (−3.69 to −2.04)−2.97 (−3.81 to −2.13)−2.92 (−3.94 to −1.91)
  • Model 1 is β adjusted for age and employment status. Model 2 is the same as Model 1 but restricted to only participants followed up successfully at 12 months.

  • AUDIT, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test; DAR-5, five-item Dimensions of Anger Reactions; GAD-7, Generalised Anxiety Disorders measure; PSS-I, PTSD Symptom Scale Interview; PTSD, post-traumatic stress disorder; WSAS, Work and Social Adjustment Scale.