Table 2

Papers that met inclusion criteria that investigated psychological impact of SCI

Author and year of publication
Quality score
SCI (N)
Females
Mean age
Control (N)
Females
Mean age
Control type
Mean time since MVC
Measure or clinical interview criteriaPsychological injury or symptom
Hancock et al (1993)
4/5
41
7 (F)
31 years
41
7 (F)
31 years
AB matched
6 months
Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety
Beck Depression Inventory
Anxiety
Depression
Kemp and Krause (1999)
3/5
177
31 (F)
40 years
62
36 (F)
63 years
AB
14 years
Older Adult Health and Mood QuestionnaireDepression
Chung et al (2006)
3/5
62
19 (F)
45 years
54
20 (F)
AB matched
About 2 years
General Health QuestionnaireAnxiety
Depression
Craig et al (2008)
4/5
33
7 (F)
41 years
33
7 (F)
39 years
AB matched
About 12 years
Profile of Mood StatesDepressed mood
Craig et al (2012)
4/5
41
2 (F)
47 years
41
2 (F)
47 years
AB matched
About 16 years
Depression, Anxiety, Stress ScalesDepression
Anxiety
  • In quality score, higher scores indicate higher quality.

  • AB, able-bodied; F, females; MVC, motor vehicle crash; SCI, spinal cord injury.