Table 1

Obese AGA and SGA characteristics

Obese AGAObese SGAp Value*
N (%)57 (4.4)72 (5.6)
Age, years29.3 (4.3)30.6 (3.7)0.10
Male, per cent45.647.20.72
Socioeconomic status: high level of education, per cent31.024.30.26
Weight, kg100.6 (15.5)97.3 (14.7)0.17
BMI, height/m234.4 (4.8)34.7 (5.0)0.80
Waist circumference, cm107.1 (14.2)108.0 (12.4)0.73
Body fat, per cent35.0 (8.7)34.7 (9.7)0.73
Physical activity, hours/week1.0 (1.7)0.9 (1.9)0.06
Systolic blood pressure, mm  Hg125.1 (12.4)125.0 (13.1)0.99
Diastolic blood pressure, mm  Hg76.4 (8.8)74.1 (9.5)0.14
Total cholesterol, mM5.0 (0.8)5.2 (1.0)0.19; 0.40
HDL-cholesterol, mM1.2 (0.3)1.0 (0.2)0.03; 0.07
Triglycerides, Mm1.4 (1.0)1.7 (1.5)0.26; 0.39
Fasting glucose, g/L0.91 (0.08)0.91 (0.08)0.94; 0.65
Fasting insulin, mIU/L9.4 (3.8)11.0 (4.5)0.04; 0.07
HOMA-IR2.1 (0.9)2.5 (1.0)0.05; 0.08
  • Values are mean (SD) unless otherwise indicated.

  • *p Values comparing obese AGA versus obese SGA; the second p values are further adjusted for age and sex for comparison of metabolic variables.

  • AGA, appropriate for gestational age; BMI, body mass index; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; SGA, small for gestational age.