Table 2

Cluster-level, household-level and individual-level characteristics of the study sample

Cluster-level characteristicsN=39
Mean households per cluster (range)36 (8–47)
Number of clusters with active NGO activity (%)19 (49)
Mean cluster vulnerability score (SD)2.9 (1.6)
Mean distance in km to the Primary Urban Health Centre (SD)0.67 (0.32)
Total number of pharmacies21
Clusters that have at least 1 pharmacy (%)13 (33)
Total clinics in study area41
Clusters that have at least 1 clinic (%)30 (77)
Total number of anganwadis (government-run childcare centre) in 39 clusters48
Clusters that have at least 1 anganwadi (%)35 (90)
Clusters that have at least 1 school (%)26 (67)
Household-level characteristicsN=1343
Muslim households (%)205 (15.26)
Caste (%)
 Scheduled class/scheduled tribe543 (40.43)
 Other backward class301 (22.41)
 General499 (37.16)
 Nuclear family (%)960 (71.48)
 Mean family size (SD)5.4 (2.2)
 Households with family size >5 (%)505 (37.6)
 Possessing BPL card (%)13 (0.97)
 Possessing Aadhar card (national identity card) (%)1030 (76.69)
 Functional piped water facility within house (%)1101 (81.98)
 Underground drainage (%)260 (19.36)
 Living in Delhi for more than 10 years (%)1187 (88.38)
 Living in same locality for more than 5 years (%)1115 (83.15)
 Living in same house for equal/more than 3 years (%)971 (72.30)
Socioeconomic quintiles (%)
 0 (poorest)243 (18.09)
 1287 (21.37)
 2266 (19.81)
 3259 (19.29)
 4 (least poor)288 (21.44)
Participant-level characteristicsN=1343
Male child (%)697 (51.90)
Mean birth order (SD)2.24 (1.23)
Per cent of first child423 (31.5)
Mean age of child in years (SD)2.38 (0.73)
Day care (%)
 Home1096 (81.61)
 Anganwadi137 (10.20)
 Preschool/creche110 (8.19)
 Child born in Delhi (%)998 (74.31)
 Born in a facility (%)864 (64.33)
 Full term (%)1313 (97.77)
 Birth weight known (%)708 (52.72)
 Mean Birth weight in grams (SD)2689 (639)
 Possession of birth certificate (%)1050 (78.18)
Mother
 Mean age in years (SD)26.42 (4.01)
 Literate (%)1000 (74.46)
 Employed (%)65 (4.84)
Father
 Literate (%)1208 (89.95)
 Employed (%)1308 (97.39)
Type of facility visited in the event of child illness (%)
 Private clinic1084 (80.71)
 Private hospital106 (7.89)
 Public health post96 (7.15)
 Government general hospital57 (4.24)
  • BPL, below poverty line; NGO, non-governmental organisation.