Table 2

Birth data (n=406; significant results in bold)

Models of birthBiomedical
204
Humanised
202
p Value
N (%)N (%)
Beginning of labour0.0005
 Spontaneous66 (32.4)137 (67.8)
 Stimulation70 (34.3)1 (0.5)
 Induction68 (33.3)64 (31.7)
Pain relief0.0005
 No pain relief9 (4.4)40 (19.8)
 Epidural172 (84.3)132 (65.3)
 Alternative pain relief2 (1)17 (8.4)
 Local anaesthesia13 (6.4)11 (5.4)
 Rachianaesthesia3 (1.5)2 (1)
Mode of delivery0.004
 Normal vaginal140 (68.6)165 (81.7)
 Instrumental vaginal48 (23.5)23 (11.4)
 Emergency caesarean16 (7.8)14 (6.9)
Length of labour (hours)0.011
 0–469 (34.2)93 (46)
 >4133 (65.8)108 (54)
Postpartum length of stay (days)0.589
 2188 (92.1)188 (93.1)
 316 (7.8)14 (6.9)
Condition of the perineum0.0005
 Intact perineum42 (20.6)81 (40.1)
 First-degree tear40 (19.6)62 (30.7)
 Second-degree tear12 (5.9)34 (16.8)
 Third-degree tear0 (0)1 (0.5)
 Episiotomy100 (49)24 (11.9)
Apgar 1/5 min0.290/0.243
 Apgar ≥9 at 1 min192 (94.1)189 (93.6)
 Apgar ≥9 at 5 min201 (98.6)201 (99.5)
Type of birth according to gestational age0.599
 Preterm birth8 (3.9)6 (3)
 Term birth196 (96.1)196 (97)
  • In table 2, some participants have missing data. In the biomedical model: 5 in the ‘pain relief’ variable, 2 in the ‘length of labour’ variable and 10 in the ‘condition of the perineum’ variable. In the humanised model: 1 in the ‘length of labour’ variable. These were not registered in the electronic medical records.