Table 2

Demographic, clinical and care characteristics of those who held or did not hold their baby

Held % (n)Did not hold % (n)
N=394N=74
Demographic characteristics (n)
Maternal age (years) (464) (p=0.114)
 16–1975.0 (9)25.0 (3)
 20–2989.5 (145)10.5 (17)
 30–3981.1 (202)18.9 (47)
 40+82.9 (34)17.1 (7)
Age on leaving full-time education (years) (458) (p=0.322)
 <1786.7 (65)13.3 (10)
 17–1887.4 (125)12.6 (18)
 19+82.1 (197)17.9 (43)
Ethnicity (466)** (p=0.013)
 White85.6 (351)14.2 (58)
 Black/Asian/mixed/other71.9 (41)28.1 (16)
Maternal country of birth (466)*** (p<0.001)
 UK87.3 (336)12.7 (49)
 Outside the UK70.4 (57)29.6 (24)
Index of Multiple Deprivation quintiles (464) (p=0.056)
 1st quintile (most disadvantaged)79.3 (84)20.8 (22)
 2nd quintile81.3 (74)18.7 (17)
 3rd quintile87.5 (77)12.5 (11)
 4th quintile88.3 (83)11.7 (11)
 5th quintile (most advantaged)87.1 (74)12.9 (11)
Partnership status (468) (p=0.869)
 Married or with partner84.4 (357)15.6 (66)
 Single mother82.2 (37)17.8 (8)
Long term physical problem (464) (p=0.171)
 No84.1 (382)15.9 (72)
 Yes100 (10)0 (0)
Long term mental health problem (462) (p=0.578)
 No84.6 (374)15.4 (68)
 Yes80.0 (16)20.0 (4)
Clinical characteristics (n)
Multiple births (463)** (p=0.008)
 Singleton85.7 (372)14.3 (62)
 Multiple65.5 (19)34.5 (10)
Parity (467) (p=0.913)
 Primiparous84.0 (231)16.0 (44)
 Multiparous84.4 (162)15.6 (30)
Experienced previous pregnancy loss (466) (p=0.068)
 No82.2 (273)17.8 (59)
 Yes (miscarriage, late miscarriage, termination, stillbirth or neonatal death)89.6 (120)10.4 (14)
Pregnancy the result of fertility treatment (461)* (p=0.018)
 No85.4 (369)14.6 (63)
 Yes69.0 (20)31.0 (9)
Gestation at stillbirth (454) (p=0.122)
 24–28 weeks81.6 (84)18.4 (19)
 29–32 weeks85.5 (53)14.5 (9)
 33–36 weeks78.7 (74)21.3 (20)
 37+ weeks88.7 (173)11.3 (22)
Time between antepartum death and the birth (454)* (p=0.011)
 1 or more weeks before birth81.8 (72)18.2 (16)
 Few days before birth81.0 (132)19.0 (31)
 The day before birth87.7 (57)12.3 (8)
 Hours before or during birth94.8 (92)5.2 (5)
 Unsure75.6 (31)24.4 (10)
Type of birth (447) (p=0.238)
 Vaginal84.6 (325)15.4 (59)
 Caesarean77.8 (49)22.2 (14)
Congenital anomaly (451) (p=0.680)
 No84.4 (331)15.6 (61)
 Yes81.4 (48)18.6 (11)
Care experience after stillbirth
Staff treated me as an individual (463) (p=0.353)
 Agree84.9 (349)15.1 (62)
 Disagree/not sure78.8 (41)21.2 (11)
Staff gave me the care I needed (460) (p=0.414)
 Agree85.0 (345)15.0 (61)
 Disagree/not sure79.6 (43)20.4 (11)
Overall satisfaction with the care received after baby had died (463) (p=0.428)
 Very satisfied85.9 (152)14.1 (25)
 Satisfied81.6 (115)18.4 (26)
 Neither satisfied nor dissatisfied88.9 (64)11.1 (8)
 Dissatisfied84.6 (33)15.4 (6)
 Very dissatisfied76.5 (26)23.5 (8)
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001.