Table 2

Summary of study characteristics

Trials
Setting of intervention
 A&E20%10
 Non-health settings12%6
 Ambulatory or primary care38%19
 Hospital inpatient services10%5
 University20%10
Provider
 Counsellor/mental health clinician44%22
 Different providers8%4
 GP22%11
 Nurse18%9
 Peer intervention4%2
 Combination12%6
  GP and nurse8%4
  GP and counsellor4%2
Content
 Brief advice24%12
 Motivational interviewing48%24
 Motivational interviewing ‘plus’40%20
Outcomes
 Quantity50
  Mean follow-up in months (SD)9.0 (8.3)
 Quantity per unit time94%47
 Quantity per drinking occasion30%15
 Frequency26
  Mean follow-up in months (SD)11.1 (10.5)
 Frequency of any drinking occasion per unit time32%16
 Frequency of binge drinking occasions per unit time30%15
  • A&E, accident and emergency; GP, general practice.