Table 1

Scores for the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (mean and differences)

PES-NWI factorGlobal score
(mean (SD))
Actual shift work
Day
(mean (SD))
Rotating
(mean (SD))
Night
(mean (SD))
ANOVA
F (p value)
Staffing and resource adequacy2.53 (0.689)2.55 (0.685)2.54 (0.680)2.41 (0.755)1.15 (0.319)
Collegial nurse–doctor relations2.49 (0.663)2.52 (0.707)2.48 (0.642)2.47 (0.709)0.15 (0.861)
Nurse manager ability, leadership and support2.54 (0.714)2.69 (0.768)2.52 (0.690)2.34 (0.692)5.73 (0.003)
Nursing foundations for quality care2.58 (0.547)2.65 (0.562)2.53 (0.534)2.66 (0.571)2.99 (0.051)
Nurse participation in hospital affairs2.05 (0.519)2.09 (0.630)2.04 (0.477)2 (0.505)0.72 (0.487)
  • ANOVA F, statistic contrast associated. PES-NWI, Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index.