Table 1

Sociodemographic characteristics of participants

VariablesN%
Gender
 Females23070.3
 Males9729.7
Educational level
 Tertiary195.8
 Secondary (grade 7–12)19660.9
 Primary (grade 1–6)6720.5
 Illiterate (no formal education)4513.8
Residence
 Rural29088.7
 Semiurban3711.3
Type 2 diabetes mellitus duration (years)
 ≥319559.6
 1–313240.9
Smoking status
 Never smoked25277.1
 Former smoker6018.3
 Current smoker154.6
Alcohol consumption status
 Never drank23371.3
 Quit drinking7121.7
 Currently drinking237
  • N, number of participants; %, percentage of total number of participants.