Table 2

Prevalence of hypertension by background characteristics, stratified by sex (N=27 589)

Background characteristicsMalesFemales
NormalPrehypertensionHypertensionNormalPrehypertensionHypertension
Age (years)***
 15–2455.241.23.782.516.41.2
 25–3454.839.65.680.716.92.5
 35–4451.639.09.466.725.57.8
 45–6044.438.217.445.234.620.2
 60+29.037.333.825.135.539.4
Religion and ethnicity**
 Hindu SC49.938.012.167.222.810.1
 Hindu ST47.940.511.663.626.110.3
 Hindu non-SC/ST44.240.615.256.729.713.6
 Non-Hindu51.538.210.367.821.910.3
Expenditure class***
 Poorest53.136.610.369.721.09.3
 Poorer50.438.411.267.023.49.6
 Middle49.139.311.565.524.010.6
 Richer47.839.512.762.725.012.3
 Richest41.241.917.053.731.514.9
Tobacco use***
 Non-user49.140.710.165.924.49.7
 User48.038.014.156.227.116.7
Alcohol consumption**
 Non-user48.938.812.3
 User46.540.213.3
BMI (kg/m2)***
 <18.558.332.49.470.919.59.6
 18.5–22.944.842.313.063.226.210.7
 23.0–24.926.752.420.949.935.215.0
 ≥25.023.551.824.743.836.719.4
Total48.439.112.563.824.911.3
  • Significance levels from χ2 tests are identical for males and females (***p<0.001; **p<0.01).

  • BMI, body mass index; SC, scheduled caste; ST, scheduled tribe.

  • – Information of alcohol consumption for females is not applicable.