Table 2

Survival estimates from multivariate Cox regression analysis for all-cause mortality

VariableHR (95% CI)χ2p Value
All-cause mortality (n=670)
 Other CVD2.07 (1.45 to 2.93)16.4<0.0005
 Age1.03 (1.02 to 1.05)15.1<0.0005
 Higher sCRF†0.40 (0.25 to 0.64)14.7<0.0005
 ACE-inhibitor use1.85 (1.34 to 2.57)13.8<0.0005
 Date of CR entry1.74 (1.25 to 2.41)10.90.001
 Statin use1.62 (1.18 to 2.22)8.90.003
 Antiplatelet therapy use0.66 (0.48 to 0.92)5.90.015
 Married/living with partner0.66 (0.47 to 0.92)5.90.016
 Diuretic use1.35 (0.97 to 1.87)3.20.075
  • Univariate predictors: diabetes, physical inactivity, exercise test modality, entry METs, TC/HDL-c ratio, waist circumference, resting heart rate were no longer significant predictors in the multivariate model.

  • †Entry sCRF level ≥8 METs (men) and ≥7 METs (women).

  • CVD, cardiovascular disease; CR, cardiac rehabilitation; METs, metabolic equivalents; TC/HDL-c total cholesterol high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol ratio; sCRF, submaximal cardiorespiratory fitness.