Table 2

Ethnic differences in estimated VO2 max (mL O2/min/kg): overall and by sex

Difference in estimated VO2 max (95% CI), p value
Compared to white EuropeansBoys (n=825)Girls (n=800)All
South Asian−0.69(−1.51 to 0.14)0.10−0.95(−1.79 to −0.11)0.03−0.79(−1.41 to −0.18)0.01
 Indian−1.16(−2.36 to 0.03)0.06−1.93(−3.29 to −0.58)0.01−1.52(−2.45 to −0.59)0.001
 Pakistani−0.85(−1.98 to 0.29)0.14−0.98(−2.15 to 0.19)0.10−0.90(−1.75 to −0.05)0.04
 Bangladeshi−0.15(−1.48 to 1.19)0.83−0.67(−1.83 to 0.49)0.26−0.38(−1.29 to 0.53)0.42
Black African–Caribbean1.03(0.25 to 1.82)0.010.13(−0.69 to 0.94)0.760.60(0.02 to 1.17)0.04
 Black African1.64(0.70 to 2.58)<0.0010.24(−0.71 to 1.19)0.620.95(0.27 to 1.62)0.01
 Black Caribbean0.10(−0.99 to 1.18)0.860.17(−0.96 to 1.29)0.770.14(−0.65 to 0.93)0.72
Other0.31(−0.50 to 1.11)0.46−0.48(−1.31 to 0.34)0.25−0.07(−0.65 to 0.51)0.80
  • Adjusted for sex, age quartiles, month, ethnic group, an interaction between ethnic group and sex (except for analysis of all children combined) and school (random effect).