Table 2

Factors corrected for in the multifactorial analyses of each study

AuthorsFactors adjusted for
Zimetbaum et alAge, smoking, health self-rating, BMI, BP, diabetes, MI and IQ.
Kronmal et alAge, sex, BP, BMI, BMI squared, smoking.
Räihä et alAge, sex, smoking, alcohol use, BMI, CHD, BP and diabetes.
Fried et alRace, height, hip and waist circumference, BMI, smoking, diastolic BP, antihypertensive and lipid-lowering treatment, TC, HDL-C, TG, diabetes, fasting insulin, factor VII and VIII, serum potassium and uric acid, asthma, emphysema, angina, MI, stroke, claudication, arthritis, renal disease, cancer, hearing and visual impairment, FEV, mitral stenosis and regurgitation, carotid stenosis
Chyou and EakerAge, sex, CHD, stroke, cancer, diabetes, BP, BMI, smoking, alcohol consumption
Weverling-Rijnsburger et alComorbidities, BMI, use of β-blocking agents, thyroid dysfunction
Schupf et alAge, sex, ethnic group, BMI, level of education, APOE genotype, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, smoking
Tikhonoff et alAge, BP, pulse rate, BMI, CV events, smoking, alcohol intake, diabetes, serum creatinine and uric acid.
Störk et al Cox regression analysis. No details
Akerblom et alAge, sex, education, BMI, APOE genotype, heart disease, BP, diabetes, stroke, dementia, smoking.
Upmeier et alGender, BMI, smoking, angina pectoris, stroke, diabetes, hypertension, cancer
Nilsson et alBMI, smoking, non-HDL-C, TG, BP, diabetes, previous MI
Werle et alFactors that showed a trend for association in the univariate analyses, well-known risk factors for total mortality or cardiovascular mortality.
Bathum et alCox regression analysis. No details
Linna et alAge, sex, BMI, smoking, BP, diabetes
Jacobs et alStatin treatment, sex, CHD, BP, neoplasm, self-rated health, smoking, albumin, BMI, triglycerides.
Takata et alSex, smoking, alcohol intake, stroke, heart disease, serum albumin, BMI, systolic BP
Lv et al 2015Age, sex, marital status, smoking, alcohol drinking, tea drinking, central obesity, cognitive impairment, daily activity, blindness, anaemia, BT, diabetes, CKD, HDL-C
Blekkenhorst et alAge, BMI, physical activity, renal function, smoking, diabetes, CVD, low-dose aspirin, antihypertensive and statin medication, energy intake, SFA
  • In studies not corrected for age, all participants were of the same age. BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; CHD, coronary heart disease; CKD, chronic kidney disease; CRP, C reactive protein; CVD, cardiovascular disease; FEV, forced expiratory volume; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; IMT, intima-media thickness; MI, myocardial infarction; SFA, superficial femoral artery; TG, tryglicerides.