Table 2

Effect of preconsultation screening with CRP on the rate of antibiotic prescription and referral to hospital

Intervention group CRP pretestedNo intervention CRP at request
VariablesNumber of patientsPercentage (95% CI)Number of patientsPercentage (95% CI)p Value
All children n=397n=138n=259
 Prescription of antibiotics3626 (19 to 34)5722 (17 to 27)0.361
 Referral to hospital75 (1 to 9)249 (6 to 13)0.138
OOH services n=230n=79n=151
 Prescription of antibiotics2532 (21 to 42)3825 (18 to 32)0.295
 Referral to hospital45 (0 to 10)128 (4 to 12)0.414
Paediatric emergency clinic n=167n=59n=108
 Prescription of antibiotics1119 (8 to 29)1918 (10 to 25)0.866
 Referral to hospital35 (−1) to 11)1211 (5 to 17)0.193
  • CRP, C reactive protein; OOH, out-of-hours.