Table 3

HRs of all-cause mortality categorised by the fluid intake in the non-CKD and CKD group

Non-CKD (N=933)CKD group (N=1249)
Unadjusted modelTotally adjusted modelUnadjusted modelTotally adjusted model
VariablesHR (95% CI)p ValueHR (95% CI)p ValueHR (95% CI)p ValueHR (95% CI)p Value
Total daily fluid intake (L/day)
 <2.1471Reference1Reference1Reference1Reference
 2.147 to 2.7890.881 (0.695 to 1.117)0.2951.016 (0.791 to 1.307)0.8990.944 (0.754 to 1.181)0.6130.933 (0.737 to 1.181)0.562
 2.789 to 3.5760.802 (0.631 to 1.019)0.0710.928 (0.720 to 1.196)0.5630.939 (0.750 to 1.177)0.5860.914 (0.712 to 1.173)0.481
 ≥3.5760.667 (0.524 to 0.850)0.0011.002 (0.768 to 1.308)0.9850.720 (0.561 to 0.923)0.0100.741 (0.566 to 0.970)0.029
  • Adjusted for age, gender, race-ethnicity, BMI, waist, white cell count, eGFR, HDL cholesterol, apolipoprotein AI, glucose, plasma fibrinogen, albumin, C reactive protein, smoke, cancer, emphysema, DM and arthritis.

  • BMI, body mass index; CKD, chronic kidney disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; eGFR, estimated glomerular filtration rate; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.