Table 2

BLW-associated behaviours of infants when complementary foods were first introduced, and currently, according to method of complementary feeding

BLW
TSF (n=26)Partial (n=7)Full (n=18)p Value*
Number of infants fed by an adult or self-fed when ‘solids’ first introduced, n (%)†<0.001
 Infants all or mostly fed by adult23 (88%)5 (71%)3 (17%)
 Infants half fed by adult, half self-fed1 (4%)2 (29%)3 (17%)
 Infants all or mostly self-fed2 (8%)0 (0%)12 (67%)
Number of infants fed foods as purées or finger foods when ‘solids’ first introduced, n (%)†<0.001
 Infants given all or mostly puréed (or mashed) foods24 (92%)5 (71%)4 (22%)
 Infants given half puréed (or mashed) foods, half finger foods1 (4%)0 (0%)1 (6%)
 Infants given all or mostly finger foods1 (4%)2 (29%)13 (72%)
Percentage of foods fed by an adult or self-fed currently, median (25th, 75th centiles)‡
 Percentage of foods fed by adult0 (0, 13)16 (4, 29)2 (0, 17)0.759
 Percentage of foods fed by adult and infant50 (32, 63)7 (0, 26)0 (0, 5)0.001
 Percentage of foods fed by infant18 (12, 47)48 (42, 65)77 (39, 98)0.001
Percentage of foods fed as purées or finger foods currently, median (25th, 75th centiles)‡
 Percentage of foods naturally liquid3 (0, 27)12 (0, 26)0 (0, 7)0.152
 Percentage of foods puréed or mashed17 (7, 25)7 (3, 13)4 (0, 13)0.002
 Percentage of foods as finger foods33 (14, 53)65 (27, 74)77 (58, 100)<0.001
  • Bold typeface indicates a statistically significant difference (p<0.05).

  • *p Values were calculated for differences between the full BLW and TSF groups using χ2 test for proportions, and Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney test for median percentage of foods.

  • †Data from the feeding questionnaire.

  • ‡Data from the weighed diet record collected when participants were between 6 and 8 months of age.

  • BLW, baby-led weaning; TSF, traditional spoon feeding.