Table 5

Relationship between the foods eaten by the infant and the meals eaten by their family (ie, family meals) according to method of complementary feeding (n (%))*, †

TSF (n=26)Partial (n=7)Full (n=18)OR (95% CI)‡p Value§
Number of infants eating their meal with the family
 Breakfast16/20 (80%)6/6 (100%)12/15 (80%)1.99 (0.48 to 8.31)0.344
 Lunch13/21 (50%)1/4 (25%)12/14 (86%)10.29 (2.67 to 39.65)0.001
 Evening meal12/23 (52%)5/6 (83%)12/15 (80%)4.75 (1.27 to 17.75)0.020
Number of infants with ingredients the same as the family meal¶
 Breakfast5/19 (19%)0/6 (0%)5/14 (36%)1.60 (0.44 to 5.78)0.473
 Lunch1/20 (4%)0/6 (0%)6/14 (43%)10.56 (2.51 to 44.39)0.001
 Evening meal4/22 (15%)0/6 (0%)9/15 (60%)9.00 (2.64 to 30.62)<0.001
Number of infants with meal preparation the same as the family meal¶
 Breakfast2/19 (8%)2/6 (33%)6/13 (46%)2.27 (0.59 to 8.70)0.232
 Lunch1/20 (4%)0/3 (0%)7/13 (54%)10.31 (2.87 to 37.09)<0.001
 Evening meal3/22 (12%)1/6 (17%)8/14 (57%)8.18 (2.66 to 25.14)<0.001
  • Bold typeface indicates a statistically significant difference (p<0.05).

  • *Summary numbers presented are from the first day of the diet record.

  • †Missing values: breakfast n=10; lunch n=12; evening meal n=7. Most data were missing because: the infant was not offered the meal, only infant milk was consumed at the meal or the infant was not with the parent for the meal.

  • ‡ORs compare those following full BLW with those following TSF and are calculated using all 3 days of the diet record (except for 7 participants who completed a 1-day diet record: 4 full BLW, 3 TSF). They may not therefore reflect exactly the same differences on the first day of the diet record.

  • §p Values were calculated for ORs using population-averaged generalised estimating equations for binary data.

  • ¶The ‘same as’ was defined as the participant answering 1=exactly the same, or 2=almost the same, on a four-point scale (other values were 3=similar, 4=mostly different).

  • BLW, baby-led weaning; TSF, traditional spoon feeding.