Table 3

Clinical and environmental determinants for developing tuberculosis among HIV-infected adults in Northwest Ethiopia, 2014

VariableCasesControlsCOR95% CIp Value
HAART
 Yes114 (76)268 (90.5)0.330.19 to 0.56<0.0001*
 No36 (24)28 (9.5)1  
CPT
 Yes83 (55.3)231 (78)0.350.22 to 0.53<0.0001*
 No67 (44.7)65 (22)1  
IPT
 Yes22 (14.7)107 (36.1)0.300.18 to 0.50<0.0001*
 No128 (85.3)189 (63.9)1  
CD4 cell count (cells/µL)
 ≤20087 (58)61 (20.6)5.532.96 to 10.35<0.0001*
 200–50046 (30.7)169 (57.1)1.050.56 to 1.970.86
 ≥50017 (11.3)66 (22.3)1  
TB patient in the family
 Yes25 (16.7)27 (9.1)1.991.11 to 3.570.021*
 No125 (83.3)269 (90.9)1  
Separate kitchen
 Yes96 (64)220 (74.3)0.610.40 to 0.930.024*
 No54 (36)76 (25.7)1  
Floor of the house
 Mud/soil123 (82)240 (81)1.060.64 to 1.760.814
 Cement27 (18)56 (19)1  
Latrine
 Yes136 (90.7)267 (90.2)1.050.53 to 2.060.875
 No14 (9.3)29 (9.8)1  
  • *Indicates significant difference.

  • Values are n (%).

  • COR, crude OR; CPT, cotrimoxazole preventive therapy; HAART, highly active antiretroviral therapy; IPT, isoniazid preventive therapy; TB, tuberculosis.