Table 3

Baseline data of the included studies7–13

 Undergraduate education for preparedness in ENT
Authors and dateDesignSample sizeData collection methodPerceptions of medical students in the UKPerceptions of clinicians in the UK
1Khan and Saeed (2012)Mixed-method study
  1. 518 medical students from 9 UK medical schools

  2. 163 consultant ENT surgeons from 54 teaching hospitals

Postal and online questionnaire surveys comprised of multiple choice and free-text options243 students were not offered a formal ENT rotation. Of those who were, the average duration was 8 days. 97 students who had undergone a formal ENT rotation felt that their expectations had not been met, with many commenting on the need for longer rotations.Three-quarters of consultants felt that junior doctors were not proficient in patient management. This was attributed to the limited time assigned to ENT undergraduate training.
2Powell et al (2011)Quantitative study444 Foundation Year 1 doctors, representing all 30 UK medical schoolsOnline questionnaire comprised of 30 closed questionsNAThe mean duration of ENT undergraduate training was 8 days. 66% felt that they had not received enough ENT undergraduate training. The median confidence of participants in history taking, examinations and patient management was significantly lower for ENT when compared with cardiovascular medicine (p<0.001). Participants ranked formal teaching sessions involving real ENT patients first for educational value. Consultant and middle grades scored highest in teaching delivery.
3Chawdhary et al (2009)Quantitative study (based on the reported findings)311 final year medical students from a UK medical schoolQuestionnaire (type not specified)The proportion of students who did not feel adequately prepared to deal with common ENT symptoms and emergencies was 72% and 77%, respectively. ENT clinics were scored first for educational value.NA
4Clamp et al (2007)Quantitative study357 GPs from south-west EnglandPostal questionnaire comprised of 15 closed questionsNAMedian length of ENT undergraduate training was 2.8 weeks. Three-quarters of participants (271) felt their ENT undergraduate training had not adequately prepared them for clinical practice. The proportion of participants who were satisfied with their undergraduate training rose from 24% to 33% in a subgroup who had undergone a formal examination in ENT.
5Sharma et al (2006)Quantitative study20 Senior House Officers recruited from different emergency departments across the UKTelephone questionnaire comprised of 10 closed questionsN/A8 doctors had experienced a formal ENT rotation, the mean duration of which was 13.7 days. 15 doctors felt that they had not received enough ENT undergraduate training.
6Lee et al (2005)Mixed-method study152 fourth year medical students recruited from Dundee UniversityPaper questionnaire comprised of 10 questions—both open and closed60% felt that their educational needs in operating theatre teaching had been met. On a 7-point Likert scale, the satisfaction of educational needs in operating theatre teaching was rated 3.9 (95% CI 3.7 to 4.2).N/A
7Hajioff and Birchall (1999)Quantitative, prospective, non-randomised controlled study25 medical students recruited from a UK medical schoolPaper questionnaire comprised of closed questionsStudent satisfaction with ENT clinics was significantly higher when they had the chance to see patients alone during longer clinic consultations (p=0.0021)NA
  • ENT, ear, nose and throat; GP, general practitioner; NA, not available.