Table 1

Comparison of communities with and without non-hospital-based urgent care centres (UCCs)

Communities without UCCsCommunities with UCCsTotal
Number of communities26 402462031 022
Number of UCCs068986898
Total population 2010 (in 10 000)16 66213 40230 064
Number of communities (%)Number of communities (%)p Value
RUCA
 Urban5874 (22.2%)3499 (75.7%)0.000
 Suburban5442 (20.6%)353 (7.6%)
 Large rural town3994 (15.1%)468 (10.1%)
 Small town or isolated rural area11 092 (42.0%)300 (6.5%)
Health provider shortage area
 Not designated HPSA3621 (13.7%)605 (13.1%)0.008
 Part of county designated HPSA11 568 (43.8%)1940 (42.0%)
 Whole county designated HPSA11 212 (42.5%)2075 (44.9%)
Income (in 1000 US$)
 Lowest quartile (<$38)6923 (26.2%)757 (16.4%)0.000
 Quartile 2 ($39–$47)6725 (25.5%)952 (20.6%)
 Quartile 3 ($48–$60)6553 (24.8%)1126 (24.4%)
 Highest quartile (>$61)5896 (22.3%)1782 (38.6%)
Private health insurance
 Lowest quartile (<81.4%)6835 (25.9%)897 (19.4%)0.000
 Quartile 2 (81.5–87.3%)6622 (25.1%)1131 (24.5%)
 Quartile 3 (87.4–9.20%)6544 (24.8%)1224 (26.5%)
 Highest quartile (>9.21%)6298 (23.9%)1366 (29.6%)
Minority
 Lowest quartile (<2.9%)7828 (29.6%)127 (2.7%)0.000
 Quartile 2 (3.0–7.6%)6939 (26.3%)689 (14.9%)
 Quartile 3 (7.7–22.6%)5884 (22.3%)1815 (39.3%)
 Highest quartile (>22.7%)5749 (21.8%)1989 (43.1%)
Elderly
 Lowest quartile (<12.0%)5942 (22.5%)1886 (40.8%)0.000
 Quartile 2 (12.1–15.0%)6609 (25.0%)1204 (26.1%)
 Quartile 3 (15.1–18.3%)6735 (25.5%)910 (19.7%)
 Highest quartile (>18.4%)7114 (26.9%)620 (13.4%)
Average population63129010.000
  • RUCA, rural urban commuting area; HPSA, health professional shortage area.