Table 1

Value of child abuse checklist for diagnosis of inflicted injury, injury due to neglect, and need for help from social services in children admitted with physical injury at ER

 Expert panel
Index testInflicted injuryInjury due to neglectNeed for help
YesNoTotalYesNoTotalYesNoTotal
ChecklistPositive3971005951003367100
Negative0620620161962069551620
Total37177206714720102618720
PPV0.030 (0.006 to 0.085)0.050 (0.116 to 0.113)0.330 (0.239 to 0.431)
NPV1.000 (0.994 to 1.000)0.998 (0.991 to 1.000)0.889 (0.861 to 0.912)
Sens1.000 (0.292 to 1.000)0.833 (0.359 to 0.996)0.326 (0.234 to 0.423)
Spec0.865 (0.837 to 0.889)0.867 (0.840 to 0.891)0.892 (0.864–0.915)
  • ER, emergency room; NPV, negative predictive value; PPV, positive predictive value; Sens, sensitivity; Spec, specificity.